The effects of ozone on human health

@article{Nuvolone2017TheEO,
  title={The effects of ozone on human health},
  author={Daniela Nuvolone and Davide Petri and Fabio Voller},
  journal={Environmental Science and Pollution Research},
  year={2017},
  volume={25},
  pages={8074-8088}
}
Ozone is a highly reactive, oxidative gas associated with adverse health outcome, including mortality and morbidity. Data from monitoring sites worldwide show levels of ozone often exceeding EU legislation threshold and the more restrictive WHO guidelines for the protection of human health. Well-established evidence has been produced for short-term effects, especially on respiratory and cardiovascular systems, associated to ozone exposure. Less conclusive is the evidence for long-term effects… 

Ozone Pollution: A Major Health Hazard Worldwide

The pathophysiology to support the epidemiologic associations between mortality and morbidity and ozone centers at the chemical and toxicological property of ozone as a strong oxidant, being able to induce oxidative damages to cells and the lining fluids of the airways, and immune-inflammatory responses within and beyond the lung.

Impacts of Air Pollution on Epidemiology and Cardiovascular Systems

Overall absolute risk for mortality due to PM exposure is higher for cardiovascular compared to pulmonary disorders in case of both acute and chronic exposures, and more focus on high ambient Total Suspended Particulate (TSP) levels is reviewed.

Health and Economic Impacts Assessment of O3 Exposure in Mexico

This work estimated that 627 deaths from respiratory diseases associated with the exposure to O3 would have been avoided in people over 30 years in the study area, which confirms the public health impacts of ambient air pollution.

Short-term exposure to ambient ozone and cardiovascular mortality in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

It was revealed that exposure to ozone was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality in China, and more efforts on controlling the population from ozone are needed to improve cardiovascular health of Chinese population.

Individual-level interventions to reduce personal exposure to outdoor air pollution and their effects on people with long-term respiratory conditions.

It is found that masks or altered cycle routes may have little or no impact on physiological markers of air pollution and improve health outcomes, and the effectiveness of individual-level interventions to reduce risks of outdoor air pollution is assessed.

Estimation of health impact using AirQ+ model attributed to surface ozone in sub-regions of Surat city, India

More hospital admissions are found than mortality rates using AirQ+ tool, which can be used to estimate public health in context of mortality and morbidity rates which helps to develop air quality management programs and policy makers to reduce the impact of air pollution on health.

Spatial variation in the joint effect of extreme heat events and ozone on respiratory hospitalizations in California

A method is proposed to address spatial differences of the joint effects of extreme heat events and ozone peaks on respiratory hospitalizations at the zip code level in California to inform early warning systems that consider both heat and ozone to protect populations from these deleterious effects in identified areas.

Air pollution and human health risks: mechanisms and clinical manifestations of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases

Air pollution has a significant contribution in the number of related cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, and deaths and requires the need to enact and enforce permissible PM10, O3, NO2, SO2, metals, and PAHs levels/standards for decrease in the health endpoint on human by relevant environmental authorities both at federal and state levels.

Temporal trends in respiratory mortality and short-term effects of air pollutants in Shenyang, China

An updated estimate of the short-term effects of air pollution in Shenyang is provided since population aging is also associated with increasing mortality from respiratory diseases and lung cancer, and reinforcing air quality control measures and health-promoting behaviors is urgent and necessary.

Associations of Ambient Air Pollutant Concentrations With Respiratory Symptoms and Perceived Health Status in Japanese Adults With and Without Chronic Respiratory Diseases: A Panel Study

Respiratory symptoms were more strongly affected by oxidants than by other pollutants, and significant associations of air pollutants were found with a comprehensive range of items related to perceived health status, including overall health and QoL.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 87 REFERENCES

Long-term ozone exposure and mortality.

In this large study, it was not able to detect an effect of ozone on the risk of death from cardiovascular causes when the concentration of PM(2.5) was taken into account, but a significant increase in the risk from respiratory causes was demonstrated in association with an increase in ozone concentration.

Acute effects of ozone on mortality from the "air pollution and health: a European approach" project.

The dose-response curve of ozone effects on total mortality during the summer did not deviate significantly from linearity and the associations with total mortality were independent of SO2 and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 mum but were somewhat confounded by NO2 and CO.

[Health impact of ozone in 13 Italian cities].

The health impact of ozone in Italian towns is relevant in terms of acute mortality and morbidity, although less severe than PM10 impact, and background ozone levels are increasing.

Human health damage caused by particulate matter PM10 and ozone in urban environments: the case of Athens, Greece

The quantification of the burden of disease from PM10 and O3-related mortality and morbidity is provided through a Life Cycle Impact Assessment focused on the greater area of Athens, Greece and it is found that 9,000 DALYs are lost on average in Athens.

Health risks of ozone from long-range transboundary air pollution.

Ozone is a highly oxidative compound formed in the lower atmosphere from gases (originating to a large extent from anthropogenic sources) by photochemistry driven by solar radiation. Owing to its

Who is more affected by ozone pollution? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

It is shown that some populations, especially the elderly, are particularly sensitive to short-term ozone exposure, and strong evidence for higher associations with unemployment or lower occupational status and weak evidence of sensitivity for racial/ethnic minorities and persons with low education, in poverty, or without central air conditioning is identified.

Air pollution and acute respiratory morbidity: an observational study of multiple pollutants.

Ozone and survival in four cohorts with potentially predisposing diseases.

This is the first study that follows persons with specific chronic conditions, and shows that long-term ozone exposure is associated with increased risk of death in these groups.

Acute effects of ambient ozone on mortality in Europe and North America: results from the APHENA study

The findings from APHENA on the effects of O3 on mortality in the general population were comparable with previously reported results and relatively robust to the method of data analysis.
...