The effects of nimodipine on vecuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade.

Abstract

Nimodipine, a calcium channel blocking drug, is used in the treatment of cerebral arterial spasm after subarachnoid haemorrhage due to bleeding from an intracranial aneurysm. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of nimodipine on neuromuscular blockade after vecuronium had been given to facilitate tracheal intubation and maintenance of muscle paralysis in patients undergoing clipping of intracranial aneurysm. Twenty patients were divided into two groups: a control group (n = 10) who received no calcium channel blocking drug, and a nimodipine group (n = 10) consisting of patients treated with nimodipine at clinically used doses of 0.03 mg kg(-1) h(-1) pre- and perioperatively. Anaesthesia was induced with atropine 10 microg kg(-1), dehydrobenzperidol 5 mg, fentanyl 5 microg kg(-1), thiopental 5 mg kg(-1) and maintained with a mixture of N2O and isoflurane (0.5-1% inspired concentration) in O2, and additional doses of fentanyl 2.5 microg kg(-1). Neuromuscular responses were monitored by acceleromyograpy. The first twitch of the train-of-four response (T1) was considered as twitch height. After a stabilization period, an intubating dose of vecuronium 0.1 mg kg(-1) was administered. The onset of action, the time of first appearance of T1 and clinical duration of action were recorded. Then, maintenance doses of vecuronium 0.03 mg kg(-1) were administered twice more when T1 had recovered to 25% of control twitch height. The study ended when the recordings of the 3rd 25% T1 recovery had been obtained. There were no statistical differences in the onset time (120+/-44 s in the control group, 141+/-33 s in the nimodipine group), in the first appearance time of T1 (28+/-6 min in the control group, 30+/-8 min in the nimodipine group), and in the times for 25% recovery in T1 (41+/-11, 32+/-2, 40+/-13 min in the control group, respectively, and 44+/-16, 36+/-15, 38+/-15 min in nimodipine group, respectively) between the groups studied. The time between the injection of the intubating dose of vecuronium and the third recovery of T1-25% of control was not significantly different between the control group (113+/-34 min) and the nimodipine group (117+/-42 min). This study indicates that nimodipine does not have any significant effect on the time course of action of vecuronium including the onset time and its clinical duration of action after the initial and the two maintenance doses in these patients.

Cite this paper

@article{Aysel2000TheEO, title={The effects of nimodipine on vecuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade.}, author={I Aysel and Hasan Hepağuşlar and Taner Balcioğlu and Mehmet Erhan Uyar}, journal={European journal of anaesthesiology}, year={2000}, volume={17 6}, pages={383-9} }