The effects of music tempo and loudness level on treadmill exercise

@article{Edworthy2006TheEO,
  title={The effects of music tempo and loudness level on treadmill exercise},
  author={Judy Edworthy and H. Waring},
  journal={Ergonomics},
  year={2006},
  volume={49},
  pages={1597 - 1610}
}
This study examined the effects of loudness and tempo of background music on exercise performance. A total of 30 volunteers performed five 10-min exercise sessions on a treadmill. The music listened to whilst exercising was either fast/loud, fast/quiet, slow/loud, slow/quiet or absent. Measures of running speed, heart rate, perceived exertion and affect were taken. Significant effects and interactions were found for running speed and heart rate across the different music tempo and loudness… 

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...

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