The effects of land-use change on the endemic avifauna of Makira, Solomon Islands: endemics avoid monoculture

  title={The effects of land-use change on the endemic avifauna of Makira, Solomon Islands: endemics avoid monoculture},
  author={Tammy E. Davies and Rohan H. Clarke and John G. Ewen and Ioan Fazey and Nathalie Pettorelli and Will Cresswell},
  journal={Emu - Austral Ornithology},
  pages={199 - 213}
Abstract Unprecedented rates of deforestation on tropical islands are threatening high numbers of endemic species, and empirical evidence is needed to better understand the implications of changes in land-use on biodiversity and to guide conservation actions. We assessed the effects of changes in land-use on the lowland avifauna of the tropical island of Makira in the Solomon Islands. We examined species richness and community assemblages, with a particular focus on endemism and functional… 

Effect of land-use change on the community assemblage of the landbirds of San Cristobal, Galapagos

Habitat change affects diversity of bird communities, allowing the expansion and dominance of some guilds and species, and the decline or even local extinction of others. The general objective of

Small Things Matter: The Value of Rapid Biodiversity Surveys to Understanding Local Bird Diversity Patterns in Southcentral Mindanao, Philippines

Rapid assessment biodiversity surveys are usually employed when resources or time is limited. In terrestrial ecosystems, birds are important ecological indicators of ecosystem health. Our study used

Using land‐use history and multiple baselines to determine bird responses to cocoa agroforestry

Agroforests can play an important role in biodiversity conservation in complex landscapes. A key factor distinguishing among agroforests is land‐use history – whether agroforests are established

The avifauna of Makira (San Cristobal), Solomon Islands

ABSTRACT The island of Makira in the eastern Solomon Islands is a globally significant priority for bird conservation and, like other islands in Melanesia, its avifauna plays an important role in

Notes on the cultural value, biology and conservation status of the Data Deficient Tagula butcherbird (Cracticus louisiadensis Tristram, 1889)

The Tagula butcherbird was found to be culturally important and relatively common in suitable habitats across four islands of the Louisiade Archipelago (Papua New Guinea), however, the species was absent from highly disturbed areas.

The forest avifauna of Arabuko Sokoke Forest and adjacent modified habitats

Arabuko Sokoke Forest (ASF) is the largest area of coastal forest remaining in East Africa and a major Important Bird Area in mainland Kenya. The study analysed data from point count surveys over 15

Ultrasonic monitoring to assess the impacts of forest conversion on Solomon Island bats

This study characterized bat responses to forest conversion in a biodiverse, human-threatened coastal rainforest habitat on Makira, Solomon Islands and includes the first acoustic and morphological information for many bat species in Melanesia.

Subsistence lifestyles and insular forest loss in the Louisiade Archipelago of Papua New Guinea: an endemic hotspot

Insular areas of the south-west Pacific support high levels of global biodiversity and are undergoing rapid change. The Louisiade Archipelago of Papua New Guinea is a poorly known location with high



Endemic avifaunal biodiversity and tropical forest loss in Makira, a mountainous Pacific island

Anthropogenic habitat changes and the introduction of pigs, dogs, cats and rats have caused acatastrophic decline in the terrestrial biodiversity of Pacific archipelagos. At present,

Conserving biodiversity in a changing world: land use change and species richness in northern Tanzania

Even though human induced habitat changes are a major driver of biodiversity loss worldwide, our understanding of the impact of land use change on ecological communities remains poor. Yet without

Assessing the conservation value of a human-dominated island landscape: Plant diversity in Hawaii

The conversion of native habitats to pasture and other working lands, unbuilt lands modified by humans for production, is one of the greatest threats to biodiversity. While some human-dominated


Although the Guinea–Congolian rain forest region is an important focal point for conservation in Africa, very little information is available on the effects of forest modification and land use on the

Biodiversity inventories, indicator taxa and effects of habitat modification in tropical forest

A gradient from near-primary, through old-growth secondary and plantation forests to complete clearance, for eight animal groups in the Mbalmayo Forest Reserve, south-central Cameroon is examined, indicating the huge scale of the biological effort required to provide inventories of tropical diversity, and to measure the impacts of tropical forest modification and clearance.

Population densities of understorey birds across a habitat gradient in Palawan, Philippines: implications for conservation

Abstract There is widespread concern for many understorey and ground-dwelling bird species in the Philippines that appear intolerant of forest alteration. We present density estimates for 18 key bird

Quantifying the biodiversity value of tropical primary, secondary, and plantation forests

The results show that, whereas the biodiversity indicator group concept may hold some validity for several taxa that are frequently sampled, it fails for those exhibiting highly idiosyncratic responses to tropical land-use change, highlighting the problems associated with quantifying the biodiversity value of anthropogenic habitats.

Trait-dependent declines of species following conversion of rain forest to oil palm plantations

Consistency is found across all three taxa, with large-bodied, abundant forest species from higher trophic levels, declining most in abundance following conversion of forest to oil palm, and empirical evidence of consistent responses to land-use change among taxonomic groups in relation to ecological traits.

Loss of functional diversity under land use intensification across multiple taxa.

Analysis of changes in species richness and functional diversity at varying agricultural land use intensity levels in plant, bird, and mammal communities finds declines were steeper than predicted by species number and changes in FD were indistinguishable from changes inspecies richness.

Cost-effectiveness of plant and animal biodiversity indicators in tropical forest and agroforest habitats

It is proposed that the most cost-efficient approach to general tropical biodiversity inventories is to increase taxonomic coverage by selecting taxa with the lowest survey costs, and it is found that increasing the number of taxa resulted in best overall biodiversity indication.