The effects of interference tasks on recency in the free recall of action events

@article{Cohen1989TheEO,
  title={The effects of interference tasks on recency in the free recall of action events},
  author={Ronald L. Cohen},
  journal={Psychological Research},
  year={1989},
  volume={51},
  pages={176-180}
}
  • R. L. Cohen
  • Published 1989
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological Research
SummaryLists of verbal instructions were read aloud and each was enacted either by the subject (SPTs) or by the experimenter (EPTs). In Experiment 1 free recall was made of lists of SPTs and EPTs either immediately after presentation, after an empty 20-s delay interval, or after a 20-s delay interval filled with backward counting. The recall of recency items was unaffected by the empty delay interval, but was somewhat reduced by the counting task. In Experiment 2 free recall was made of lists… Expand

Topics from this paper

Recency Effects and Temporal Distinctiveness: Dissociation between Free Recall and Memory for Position/Order
Temporal distinctiveness hypothesis argues that both short-term and long-term recency effects reflect the high distinctiveness of temporal (i.e., position and order) information in the recencyExpand
The output monitoring of performed actions: What can we learn from “recall-recognition” performance?
TLDR
It is suggested that the SPT effect can be explained from the perspective of both encoding and retrieval, and taken as support for the idea that an emphasis on item-specific information leads to automatic retrieval and thus poor awareness of the prior correct recall. Expand
The Role of Item-Specific Information for the Retrieval Awareness of Performed Actions
TLDR
The results showed that SPT allows remember responses in remember-know judgments more easily; that is, SPT can enhance the frequency of recalling re-collective experience. Expand
The enactment effect : studies of a memory phenomenon
The enactment effect refers to the superior memory performance of enacted events over nonenacted events. There has been considerable disagreement on how to explain this effect, and it has beenExpand
The development of memory for actions
TLDR
This proposal examines the developmental trajectory of these phenomena across young adults, 9- and 11-year-old participants by examining the effects of encoding modality on children’s prospective memory and examines whether prospective remembering in Experiment 5 was related to executive functioning and identified predictors following motoric and visual encoding. Expand
Memory of self-performed tasks: Self-performing during recognition
TLDR
The findings support the assumption that some kind of motor memory record underlies the enactment effect that occurs when actions are performed during recognition, which was observed only with the verbal encoding task. Expand
Enactment versus Observation: Item-Specific and Relational Processing in Goal-Directed Action Sequences (and Lists of Single Actions)
TLDR
Similar net recall suggests that observation can be as good a learning strategy as enactment, and indicators of superior relational processing after observation are found in ordered pair recall and in emerging subjective organization of repeated recall protocols. Expand
Effect of learning methods on retrieval of learned materials
This study examined the effect of learning methods on retrieval of learned materials. A total of 60 participants were randomly drawn from SS II class in Izzi Secondary School, Ebonyi state. They areExpand
The effects of language and emotionality of stimuli on vocabulary learning
TLDR
Whether participants have more difficulty learning the names of objects they have never seen before in their foreign language and whether embedding them in a positive semantic context can help make learning easier are addressed. Expand
Directed forgetting of negative performed actions is difficult: A behavioural study
TLDR
Results showed that action performance influenced the directed forgetting of emotional materials depending on whether actions were performed, and elaborative encoding prior to the remember/forget instructions and the influence of negative emotion on attentional inhibition after the presentation of the instructions together suggest that it is more difficult to intentionally forget negative performed actions. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 10 REFERENCES
The effect of encoding variables on the free recall of words and action events
TLDR
It was hypothesized that, whereas the free recall of words is a strategic memory test, the free recalling of action events in the form of tasks performed by the subject is nonstrategic. Expand
Interevent differences in event memory: Why are some events more recallable than others?
TLDR
An experimental analysis of the action events into action and object components showed the recall probabilities of the events to be mainly dependent on the recall probability of their action components, with only a minor dependence on the recalling probabilities of their object components. Expand
On the generality of some memory laws
Several memory laws have been established for the free recall of word lists. The generality of some of these laws were tested, using tasks which the subjects performed (SPTs) as to-be-recalled listExpand
New evidence on the nature of the encoding of action events
TLDR
It is proposed that the action elements of SPTs (e.g., motor features, shape, texture) are automatically encoded, whereas the verbal component is strategically encoded, because organization is an encoding strategy critical to SPT recall. Expand
The effect of semantic similarity on retroactive interference in long- and short-term memory
Experiment I showed RI effects in long-term memory for pairs of adjectives in the classical RI paradigm (Learn A′-B, Learn A-C, Restest A-B, where A and A′ are adjectives with similar meanings).Expand
Let's pretend: The role of motoric imagery in memory for sentences and words
Abstract A number of theories suggest that for young children, concepts should have an important motoric (or sensory-motor) component. A levels-of-processing theory is proposed which predicts thatExpand
Does motoric imagery facilitate memory for sentences? A selective interference test
Previous studies have shown that motoric enactment of sentences facilitates later sentence retention for both children and adults. While some writers have attributed this effect to the storage ofExpand
An attempt to distinguish between kinematic and motor memory components.
TLDR
The secondary motor and kinematic tasks finding supports the theory that the two systems are partially independent, and it has, as yet, only been possible to demonstrate a selective distraction for the secondary motor task. Expand
Movement and Working Memory: Patterns and Positions in Space
TLDR
It is concluded that the memory for patterns of limb movement differs from memory for movement to spatial targets and that accounts of visuo-spatial processes in working memory involve the latter type of movement. Expand