Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review relevant literatures on career success and develop a theoretical framework and testable propositions concerning how human capital, person-environment fit and organizational support relate to career success. Whilst acknowledging the substantial literature that has accumulated regarding the various antecedents and operationalizations involved in employees’ career success, there is little research as how person-environment fit and career success are related. Design/methodology/approach – Literature outlining approaches to career success is summarized and research at the intersection of person-environment fit and organizational support/career success are reviewed. This is followed by a set of propositions based upon the antecedents of career success. Findings – It is suggested that person-environment fit and organizational support are important antecedents of career success. Knowledge of career changes and these antecedents help individuals and organizations manage career success. Research limitations/implications – Future research should examine empirically the linkages suggested by the paper along with other relationships asserted or implied by person-environment fit and career success literature as mentioned in the paper. Practical implications – Both employers and employees may benefit from integrating different types of fit into the psychological contract because each fit will impact aspects of career success. Therefore, organizations need to select and develop employees that can easily adjust and fit into careers that are compatible with their work environments. Originality/value – This paper contributes to the literature by being one of the first to examine the effects of different types of person-environment fit on career success.