The effects of hookah/waterpipe smoking on general health and the cardiovascular system

@article{Qasim2019TheEO,
  title={The effects of hookah/waterpipe smoking on general health and the cardiovascular system},
  author={Hanan F. Qasim and Ahmed B. Alarabi and Karem H. Alzoubi and Zubair A. Karim and Fatima Z. Alshbool and Fadi T. Khasawneh},
  journal={Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine},
  year={2019},
  volume={24}
}
Hookah or waterpipe smoking or use is an emerging trend in the US population, especially among the youth. The misperception of hookah being less harmful than cigarettes and the availability of different but “appealing” flavors are considered among the main reasons for this trend. Hookah users however are exposed to many of the same toxic compounds/by-products as cigarette users, but at dramatically higher levels, which might lead to more severe negative health effects. In fact, hookah users are… 
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Characteristics of flavored and non-flavored waterpipe tobacco users: a real-world setting study
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FWT- only smokers differ from non-FWT-only smokers in several aspects including being younger, having more positive beliefs and perceptions regarding WP use, and having higher cigarette smoking prevalence.
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Hookah smoking is a form of tobacco use that is growing in popularity in the United States.1 College aged students, who are known to experiment with multiple forms of tobacco, are particularly
Waterpipe tobacco-smoking: a new smoking epidemic among the young?
TLDR
Considering many of the potential negative health effects associated with WTS affect the pulmonary system, pulmonologists and primary care providers may treat patients who are waterpipe tobacco smokers and should be aware of the risk associated withWTS.
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TLDR
To assess how a representative sample of US tobacco control policies may apply to HTS and to determine associations between community-level sociodemographic factors and HTS policy status, a systematic assessment of extant clean air laws was conducted.
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TLDR
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TLDR
A point by point critical analysis of the methods on which most of the ‘waterpipe’ antismoking literature since 2002 is based is offered.
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TLDR
The findings are consistent with the conclusion that waterpipe tobacco smoking presents substantial risk of dependence, disease, and death, and they can be incorporated into prevention interventions that might help deter more adolescents and young adults from experimenting with an almost certainly lethal method of tobacco use.
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TLDR
Tobacco smoking is associated with serious adverse health effects, and there is no evidence that these effects are less serious if a waterpipe is used, and more systematic research is needed into the possible health hazards of waterpipe smoking.
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TLDR
Although waterpipe smoking is perceived by its new generation of users to be less addictive and hazardous to health than cigarette smoking, researchers draw diametrically opposed conclusions.
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TLDR
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TLDR
This study demonstrates potentially hazardous levels of home air pollution in rooms where hookahs are being smoked as well as in adjacent rooms, raising concerns about potential negative health effects on all individuals living in homes where hookah are smoked.
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