The effects of high‐intensity interval training vs. moderate‐intensity continuous training on body composition in overweight and obese adults: a systematic review and meta‐analysis

  title={The effects of high‐intensity interval training vs. moderate‐intensity continuous training on body composition in overweight and obese adults: a systematic review and meta‐analysis},
  author={Michael A. Wewege and R. Berg and Rachel E. Ward and Andrew Keech},
  journal={Obesity Reviews},
  pages={635 - 646}
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) for improvements in body composition in overweight and obese adults. [] Key MethodRESULTS From 1,334 articles initially screened, 13 were included. Studies averaged 10 weeks × 3 sessions per week training. Both HIIT and MICT elicited significant (p < 0.05) reductions in whole-body fat mass and waist circumference. There were no significant differences…

The influence of high‐intensity interval training on anthropometric variables of adults with overweight or obesity: a systematic review and network meta‐analysis

The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of high‐intensity interval training (HIIT) on anthropometric variables in adults afflicted with overweight or obesity and to compare the effects

Intensity‐dependent effects of aerobic training on pressure pain threshold in overweight men: A randomized trial

To investigate the chronic and acute effects of high‐intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate‐intensity continuous training (MICT) on pressure pain thresholds (PPT) in overweight men, HIIT and MICT are combined into a single study.

Effectiveness of high‐intensity interval training combined with resistance training versus continuous moderate‐intensity training combined with resistance training in patients with type 2 diabetes: A one‐year randomized controlled trial

To evaluate the impact of one‐year high intensity interval training (HIIT) combined with resistance training (RT) vs continuous moderate intensity training (MCT) combined with RT on glycaemic

Effects of Interval Training on Visceral Adipose Tissue in Centrally Obese 70‐Year‐Old Individuals: A Randomized Controlled Trial

To investigate the effects of 10 weeks of progressive vigorous‐intensity interval training as a single intervention on body composition among 70‐year‐old individuals with central obesity.

Effect of high intensity interval training on body composition in women before and after menopause: a meta‐analysis

HIIT programmes in women significantly decrease body weight and total and abdominal FM, and their effects are more evident in pre‐ than in postmenopausal women.

High‐intensity interval training vs. moderate interval training: the lack of equalisation, an ongoing problem

No significant differences were observed between HIIT and MICT for the effects on body mass and body fat in overweight and obese adults, and future studies involving obese patients should adopt iso‐caloric protocols to compare the different types of training.

Does moderate-intensity continuous training result in greater total energy expenditure compared to high-intensity interval training?

Comment on the methodological aspects that should be considered to analyze the results presented, as well as the conclusions on the comparison of energy expenditure between high-intensity interval training and moderate continuous training performed in water.

The time course of physiological adaptations to high‐intensity interval training in older adults

High‐intensity interval training (HIIT) has been shown to be more effective than moderate continuous aerobic exercise for improving cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in a limited time frame. However,

Effectiveness of high-intensity interval training for weight loss in adults with obesity: a randomised controlled non-inferiority trial

In healthy adults with obesity, HIIT compared with MICT induced similar weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors improvement but resulted in a larger increase in cardiorespiratory fitness over a shorter period.

Differential effects of intermittent energy restriction vs. continuous energy restriction combined high-intensity interval training on overweight/obese adults: A randomized controlled trial

Both IER and CER could be effective in weight loss and increased CRF when combined with HIIT, however, iER showed greater benefits for body weight, BF%, WC, and HC compared with cER.



High-Intensity Interval Training and Isocaloric Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training Result in Similar Improvements in Body Composition and Fitness in Obese Individuals.

Results indicate that isocaloric training protocols of HIIT or MICT (or 1/2HIIT inducing only half the energy deficit) exert similar metabolic and cardiovascular improvements in sedentary obese individuals.


HIIT appears to be more effective than MICT for controlling abdominal visceral and subcutaneous fat and a significant reduction in AVFA was found only in the HIIT group.

High Intensity Interval- vs Moderate Intensity- Training for Improving Cardiometabolic Health in Overweight or Obese Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial

It is suggested that a relatively short duration of either HIIT or MIT training may improve cardiometabolic risk factors in previously sedentary overweight or obese young men, with no clear advantage between these two specific regimes.

Comparison of High-Intensity Interval Training and Moderate-to-Vigorous Continuous Training for Cardiometabolic Health and Exercise Enjoyment in Obese Young Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Both HIIT and MVCT are effective in improving cardiorespiratory fitness and in reducing sexual hormones in obese young women; however, HIIT is a more enjoyable and time-efficient strategy.

Continuous Exercise but Not High Intensity Interval Training Improves Fat Distribution in Overweight Adults

HIIT may be advocated as a time-efficient strategy for eliciting comparable fitness benefits to traditional continuous exercise in inactive, overweight adults, however, in this population HIIT does not confer the same benefit to body fat levels as continuous exercise training.

High intensity interval exercise training in overweight young women.

The tangible results achieved by relatively large groups of homogeneous subjects have demonstrated that the HIIT program is an effective measure for the treatment of young women who are overweight.

Effects of sprint interval training on VO2max and aerobic exercise performance: A systematic review and meta‐analysis

Strong evidence support improvement of aerobic exercise performance and VO2max following SIT, which coincides with peripheral muscular adaptations, and future RCTs on long‐term SIT and underlying mechanisms are warranted.

High-intensity training versus traditional exercise interventions for promoting health.

INT for 12 wk is an effective training stimulus for improvement of cardiorespiratory fitness and glucose tolerance, but in relation to the treatment of hyperlipidemia and obesity, it is less effective than prolonged training.

Effects of high-intensity interval training and moderate-intensity continuous training on endothelial function and cardiometabolic risk markers in obese adults.

HIIT and MICT produced different vascular adaptations in obese adults, with HIIT improving FMD and MICS increasing resting artery diameter and enhancing L-FMC.

Effects of High-Intensity Intermittent Exercise Training on Appetite Regulation.

HIIT seems to benefit appetite regulation in overweight men, with a clinically meaningful decrease in energy intake after the high-energy preload compared with the low- energy preload in response to HIIT, suggesting improved appetite regulation.