The effects of high‐intensity interval training vs. moderate‐intensity continuous training on body composition in overweight and obese adults: a systematic review and meta‐analysis

@article{Wewege2017TheEO,
  title={The effects of high‐intensity interval training vs. moderate‐intensity continuous training on body composition in overweight and obese adults: a systematic review and meta‐analysis},
  author={Michael A. Wewege and R. Berg and Rachel E. Ward and Andrew Keech},
  journal={Obesity Reviews},
  year={2017},
  volume={18},
  pages={635 - 646}
}
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) for improvements in body composition in overweight and obese adults. [] Key MethodRESULTS From 1,334 articles initially screened, 13 were included. Studies averaged 10 weeks × 3 sessions per week training. Both HIIT and MICT elicited significant (p < 0.05) reductions in whole-body fat mass and waist circumference. There were no significant differences…

The influence of high‐intensity interval training on anthropometric variables of adults with overweight or obesity: a systematic review and network meta‐analysis

The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of high‐intensity interval training (HIIT) on anthropometric variables in adults afflicted with overweight or obesity and to compare the effects

Intensity‐dependent effects of aerobic training on pressure pain threshold in overweight men: A randomized trial

TLDR
To investigate the chronic and acute effects of high‐intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate‐intensity continuous training (MICT) on pressure pain thresholds (PPT) in overweight men, HIIT and MICT are combined into a single study.

Effectiveness of high‐intensity interval training combined with resistance training versus continuous moderate‐intensity training combined with resistance training in patients with type 2 diabetes: A one‐year randomized controlled trial

To evaluate the impact of one‐year high intensity interval training (HIIT) combined with resistance training (RT) vs continuous moderate intensity training (MCT) combined with RT on glycaemic

Effects of Interval Training on Visceral Adipose Tissue in Centrally Obese 70‐Year‐Old Individuals: A Randomized Controlled Trial

To investigate the effects of 10 weeks of progressive vigorous‐intensity interval training as a single intervention on body composition among 70‐year‐old individuals with central obesity.

Effect of high intensity interval training on body composition in women before and after menopause: a meta‐analysis

TLDR
HIIT programmes in women significantly decrease body weight and total and abdominal FM, and their effects are more evident in pre‐ than in postmenopausal women.

High‐intensity interval training vs. moderate interval training: the lack of equalisation, an ongoing problem

TLDR
No significant differences were observed between HIIT and MICT for the effects on body mass and body fat in overweight and obese adults, and future studies involving obese patients should adopt iso‐caloric protocols to compare the different types of training.

Does moderate-intensity continuous training result in greater total energy expenditure compared to high-intensity interval training?

TLDR
Comment on the methodological aspects that should be considered to analyze the results presented, as well as the conclusions on the comparison of energy expenditure between high-intensity interval training and moderate continuous training performed in water.

The time course of physiological adaptations to high‐intensity interval training in older adults

High‐intensity interval training (HIIT) has been shown to be more effective than moderate continuous aerobic exercise for improving cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in a limited time frame. However,

Effectiveness of high-intensity interval training for weight loss in adults with obesity: a randomised controlled non-inferiority trial

TLDR
In healthy adults with obesity, HIIT compared with MICT induced similar weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors improvement but resulted in a larger increase in cardiorespiratory fitness over a shorter period.

The Effect of Low-Volume High-Intensity Interval Training on Body Composition and Cardiorespiratory Fitness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

TLDR
Low-volume HIIT appears to be a time-efficient treatment for increasing fitness, but not for the improvement of body composition, and while most studies tended to favour improvement in lean body mass with low-volumeHIIT versus MICT, this was not significant.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 68 REFERENCES

High-Intensity Interval Training and Isocaloric Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training Result in Similar Improvements in Body Composition and Fitness in Obese Individuals.

TLDR
Results indicate that isocaloric training protocols of HIIT or MICT (or 1/2HIIT inducing only half the energy deficit) exert similar metabolic and cardiovascular improvements in sedentary obese individuals.

EFFECT OF HIGH-INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING PROTOCOL ON ABDOMINAL FAT REDUCTION IN OVERWEIGHT CHINESE WOMEN: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

TLDR
HIIT appears to be more effective than MICT for controlling abdominal visceral and subcutaneous fat and a significant reduction in AVFA was found only in the HIIT group.

High Intensity Interval- vs Moderate Intensity- Training for Improving Cardiometabolic Health in Overweight or Obese Males: A Randomized Controlled Trial

TLDR
It is suggested that a relatively short duration of either HIIT or MIT training may improve cardiometabolic risk factors in previously sedentary overweight or obese young men, with no clear advantage between these two specific regimes.

Comparison of High-Intensity Interval Training and Moderate-to-Vigorous Continuous Training for Cardiometabolic Health and Exercise Enjoyment in Obese Young Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

TLDR
Both HIIT and MVCT are effective in improving cardiorespiratory fitness and in reducing sexual hormones in obese young women; however, HIIT is a more enjoyable and time-efficient strategy.

Continuous Exercise but Not High Intensity Interval Training Improves Fat Distribution in Overweight Adults

TLDR
HIIT may be advocated as a time-efficient strategy for eliciting comparable fitness benefits to traditional continuous exercise in inactive, overweight adults, however, in this population HIIT does not confer the same benefit to body fat levels as continuous exercise training.

The effects of short-term high-intensity interval training vs. moderate-intensity continuous training on plasma levels of nesfatin-1 and inflammatory markers

TLDR
Both theHIIT and MCT groups had similar effects on inflammatory markers and insulin resistance in men who are overweight, but the HIIT seems to have better anorectic effects (as indicated by nesfatin) compared with MCT.

High intensity interval exercise training in overweight young women.

TLDR
The tangible results achieved by relatively large groups of homogeneous subjects have demonstrated that the HIIT program is an effective measure for the treatment of young women who are overweight.

Effects of sprint interval training on VO2max and aerobic exercise performance: A systematic review and meta‐analysis

TLDR
Strong evidence support improvement of aerobic exercise performance and VO2max following SIT, which coincides with peripheral muscular adaptations, and future RCTs on long‐term SIT and underlying mechanisms are warranted.

High-intensity training versus traditional exercise interventions for promoting health.

TLDR
INT for 12 wk is an effective training stimulus for improvement of cardiorespiratory fitness and glucose tolerance, but in relation to the treatment of hyperlipidemia and obesity, it is less effective than prolonged training.

Effectiveness of High-Intensity Interval Training (HIT) and Continuous Endurance Training for VO2max Improvements: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Controlled Trials

TLDR
The meta-analysed effect of endurance training on VO2max was a possibly large beneficial effect and a likely moderate greater additional increase for subjects with lower baseline fitness, when compared with no-exercise controls.
...