The effects of feelings of guilt on the behaviour of uncooperative individuals in repeated social bargaining games: An affect-as-information interpretation of the role of emotion in social interaction

@article{Ketelaar2003TheEO,
  title={The effects of feelings of guilt on the behaviour of uncooperative individuals in repeated social bargaining games: An affect-as-information interpretation of the role of emotion in social interaction},
  author={Timothy Ketelaar and Wing Tung Au},
  journal={Cognition and Emotion},
  year={2003},
  volume={17},
  pages={429 - 453}
}
In two studies we found that feelings of guilt provoke individuals to cooperate in repeated social bargaining games (a prisoner's dilemma in Study 1 and an ultimatum game in Study 2). Feelings of guilt were either experimentally manipulated (Study 1) or assessed via self-report (Study 2) after participants had played one round of a social bargaining game. As predicted, individuals who experienced feelings of guilt (compared to individuals who felt no guilt) after pursuing a non-cooperative… 

Topics from this paper

The Effect of Guilt on Altruism in the One-Shot Anonymous Prisoner's Dilemma Game
There exists a wide body of literature suggesting that individuals behave more altruistically in situations that 1) provide an opportunity for reciprocation and 2) are not anonymous. Past research
Exploring the impact of positive and negative emotions on cooperative behaviour in a Prisoner’s Dilemma Game
TLDR
The analysis from Study 2 revealed no significant main effects for emotions, in contrast to previous research, however, there was a significant effect for participants’ pre-existing tendency to cooperate (social value orientation; SVO).
The social function of the feeling and expression of guilt
TLDR
It is suggested that guilt has a stronger function between close friends as the costs of relationship breakdown are greater and relationship context, therefore, is crucial to the functional relevance of moral emotions.
The effect of attachment and environmental manipulations on cooperative behavior in the prisoner’s dilemma game
TLDR
It was found that participants cooperated more when randomly losing money compared to when randomly winning or in the neutral condition, and in a negative uncertain environment, individuals with higher anxious and avoidant attachment styles cooperated less.
The less I get, the more I punish: A moderated-mediation model of rejection sensitivity and guilt in depression
Depression is known to affect how individuals perceive social exchanges, either negative or positive ones. These difficulties are thought to partly arise from depression-related guilt and rejection
When emotions of others affect decisions in public good dilemmas : An instrumental view
The present research examines whether the emotional display (i.e. anger vs. guilt) of another group member affects people's decision-making in a public good dilemma. In two experiments we
Relational utility as a moderator of guilt in social interactions.
  • R. Nelissen
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 2014
TLDR
Findings provide support for the individual level function of guilt, extend research on the antecedents of guilt in social interactions, which mainly focused on retrospective appraisals, and bear implications for the status of guilt as a moral emotion.
The spiral of distrust: (Non‐)cooperation in a repeated trust game is predicted by anger and individual differences in negative reciprocity orientation
  • N. Harth, T. Regner
  • Psychology, Medicine
    International journal of psychology : Journal international de psychologie
  • 2017
TLDR
Investigation of state anger and individual differences in negative reciprocity orientation as predictors of individuals' willingness to cooperate with strangers suggests that feedback compared with no feedback about the trustee's behaviour increased anger.
Social Manifestation of Guilt Leads to Stable Cooperation in Multi-Agent Systems
TLDR
Analytical and numerical methods from evolutionary game theory are employed to identify the conditions for which enhanced cooperation emerges within the context of the iterated prisoners dilemma and provide important insights into the design of multi-agent and cognitive agent systems where the inclusion of guilt modelling can improve agents' cooperative behaviour and overall benefit.
Social Pressure Mediates the Negative Impact of Guilt on Fair Allocation in Multi-Party Interactions
Previous research documents the negative effect of guilt on allocation behaviors in three-party dictator games. In these studies, guilty dictators gave more resources to their victims but fewer to
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 55 REFERENCES
Negative affect and social judgment: The differential impact of anger and sadness
The overwhelming majority of research on affect and social information processing has focused on the judgments and memories of people in good or bad moods rather than examining more specific kinds of
Social Distance and Other-Regarding Behavior in Dictator Games: Comment
A surprisingly large amount of otherregarding behavior is the common finding of experiments on bargaining, public goods, and trust. Elizabeth Hoffman et al. ( hereafter, HMS ) ( 1996 ) have provided
Social distance and other-regarding behavior in dictator games
A surprisingly large amount of otherregarding behavior is the common finding of experiments on bargaining, public goods, and trust. Elizabeth Hoffman et al. ( hereafter, HMS ) ( 1996 ) have provided
SOCIAL DILEMMAS: The Anatomy of Cooperation
The study of social dilemmas is the study of the tension between individual and collective rationality. In a social dilemma, individually reasonable behavior leads to a situation in which everyone is
Transgression and Altruism: A Case for Hedonism.
Abstract A model to account for the positive relationship between transgression and altruism was proposed and tested against three alternative formulations—Guilt, Social Justice, and Self-esteem
The impact of social value orientations on negotiator cognition and behavior
Prior research using experimental games has demonstrated that social value orientations affect the ways in which individuals approach and react to interdependent others; prosocials exhibit greater
Motivational bases of choice in experimental games
Abstract The present study presents a motivational theory of choice behavior in game situations, and develops a method that provides a flexible means for comparing the relative dominance of the
Rationality and the Emotions
In an earlier paper (Elster, I989 a), I discussed the relation between rationality and social norms. Although I did mention the role of the emotions in sustaining social norms, I did not focus
SELF-COMMAND IN ADAM SMITH'S THEORY OF MORAL SENTIMENTS
Building on an analysis of Adam Smith's enumeration of five classes of passions, we show that self-command in his Theory of Moral Sentiments (TMS) can be modeled as a game whose structure is
Moral affect: the good, the bad, and the ugly.
  • J. Tangney
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1991
TLDR
Results indicate that shame and guilt are distinct affective experiences that have important and quite different implications in the interpersonal realm, and suggest that guilt may not be that bad after all, at least at the interpersonal domain.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...