The effects of fasting plasma glucose variability and time-dependent glycemic control on the long-term risk of retinopathy in type 2 diabetic patients.

@article{Takao2011TheEO,
  title={The effects of fasting plasma glucose variability and time-dependent glycemic control on the long-term risk of retinopathy in type 2 diabetic patients.},
  author={Toshiko Takao and Takehiko Ide and Hiroyuki Yanagisawa and Masatoshi Kikuchi and Shoji Kawazu and Yutaka Matsuyama},
  journal={Diabetes research and clinical practice},
  year={2011},
  volume={91 2},
  pages={e40-2}
}
Long-term fasting plasma glucose (FPG) variability was a risk factor for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) independent of the mean FPG or HbA1c in people with type 2 diabetes. PDR development was also significantly associated with mean HbA1c more than 5 years earlier and with mean FPG more than 10 years earlier. 

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