The effects of extreme low frequency pulsed electromagnetic field on bone mineral density and incidence of fractures in patients with end stage renal disease on dialysis - three year follow up study

@inproceedings{RakocevicHrnjak2016TheEO,
  title={The effects of extreme low frequency pulsed electromagnetic field on bone mineral density and incidence of fractures in patients with end stage renal disease on dialysis - three year follow up study},
  author={Aleksandra Rakocevic-Hrnjak and Miljanka Vuksanovic and Nada B. Dimkovic and Aleksandar G Djurovic and Nata{\vs}a D Petronijevi{\'c} and Milan Petronijevi{\'c}},
  year={2016}
}
Background/Aim. A variety of physical therapy options has been developed for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders including those characterized with low bone mineral density (BMD). Extreme low frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (ELF-PEMF) can accelerate bone formation. Patients with end stage of renal disease (ESRD) are predisposed to high incidence of fractures due to bone disorder with multifactorial pathogenesis. Vitamin D, calcium supplements, antiresorptive and anabolic drugs in… CONTINUE READING

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