The effects of estrone and 17β-estradiol on microbial activity and bacterial diversity in an agricultural soil: sulfamethoxazole as a co-pollutant.

@article{Zhang2014TheEO,
  title={The effects of estrone and 17β-estradiol on microbial activity and bacterial diversity in an agricultural soil: sulfamethoxazole as a co-pollutant.},
  author={Xuelian Zhang and Yanxia Li and Bei Liu and Jing Wang and Chenghong H Feng},
  journal={Ecotoxicology and environmental safety},
  year={2014},
  volume={107},
  pages={313-20}
}
Estrogens and veterinary antibiotics (VAs) that are contained in animal excrements are spread into agricultural soil when using animal wastes on farmland. The impacts of VAs on soil health have already been well documented. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the influence of estrogens, particularly the combined effects of estrogens and VAs, on the soil microbial community. In this study, a short-term analysis (11 days) of the effect of the estrogens estrone and 17β-estradiol on soil… CONTINUE READING

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