The effects of distinctiveness on memory and metamemory for face–name associations

@article{Watier2012TheEO,
  title={The effects of distinctiveness on memory and metamemory for face–name associations},
  author={Nicholas Watier and Charles A. Collin},
  journal={Memory},
  year={2012},
  volume={20},
  pages={73 - 88}
}
We examined the influence of face and name distinctiveness on memory and metamemory for face–name associations. Four types of monitoring judgements were solicited during encoding and retrieval of face–name pairs that contained distinct or typical faces (Experiment 1) or names (Experiment 2). The beneficial effects of distinctiveness on associative memory were symmetrical between faces and names, such that relative to their typical counterparts, distinct faces enhanced memory for names, and… 

Metacognitive Aspects of Face Identification

To date, relatively little research has investigated participants‟ ability to monitor their memory for faces and names. Four experiments were conducted with aim of developing a comprehensive profile

Age invariance in semantic and episodic metamemory: Both younger and older adults provide accurate feeling-of-knowing for names of faces

TLDR
The results indicate age invariance in monitoring of retrieval processes for name–face associations in feeling-of-knowing (FOK) accuracy and in the resolution of semantic FOKs.

Metamemory for pictures of naturalistic scenes: Assessment of accuracy and cue utilization

TLDR
This work reports the first systematic investigation into the accuracy and basis of metamemory in this domain, and demonstrates close parallels between metAMemory for naturalistic scenes and verbal materials.

Super-Memorizers Are Not Super-Recognizers

TLDR
The data show that the visual computations of the face system are not malleable and are robust to acquired expertise involving extensive training of associative memory.

Conceptual knowledge modulates memory recognition of common items: The selective role of item-typicality

TLDR
The results suggest that the supposedly opposite conceptual knowledge effects actually coexist and interact, albeit selectively, in the modulation of recollection and familiarity processes.

Emotion identification across adulthood using the Dynamic FACES database of emotional expressions in younger, middle aged, and older adults

TLDR
The use of dynamic facial emotional stimuli has previously been limited, but Dynamic FACES provides a large database of high-resolution naturalistic, dynamic expressions across adulthood that can be used for research purposes.

Methodological concerns: the feeling-of-knowing task affects resolution

In traditional feeling-of-knowing procedures, participants make judgments on unrecalled items only (e.g. Hart 1965). However, many researchers elicit feeling-of-knowing judgments (FOKs) on all items.

Visual properties and memorising scenes: Effects of image-space sparseness and uniformity

TLDR
It is proposed that both image-space properties affect human decisions when recognising images, and it was found that colour presentation did not yield better memory performance over grayscale images.

What sounds beautiful looks beautiful stereotype

This study experimentally tested whether individuals have a tendency to associate attractive voices with attractive faces and, alternately, unattractive voices with unattractive faces. Participants

Metacognitive Awareness of Facial Affect in Higher-Functioning Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

TLDR
Higher-functioning participants with and without autism spectrum disorder viewed a series of face stimuli, made decisions regarding the affect of each face, and indicated their confidence in each decision, suggesting that individuals with ASD have metacognitive impairments and are overconfident in face processing.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES

Metamemory for faces, names, and common nouns.

Beneficial effects of verbalization and visual distinctiveness on remembering and knowing faces

TLDR
It is argued that verbalization and visual distinctiveness independently benefit face recognition, and the role of recollective and familiarity-based processes in recognition is discussed in terms of the nature of verbalization.

Why are some people’s names easier to learn than others? The effects of face similarity on memory for face-name associations

TLDR
It is found that recall performance diminished as a function of how many studied faces were in the vicinity of the cue face in similarity space, and incorrect recalls were more likely to come from nearby positions in face space.

Variables influencing memory over long periods of time for recently learned face-name pairs.

  • L. Groninger
  • Psychology
    The American journal of psychology
  • 2006
TLDR
The ability to match faces with corresponding names was studied under various conditions involving encoding and retrieval to show the importance for later retrieval of forming and maintaining vivid images of faces even when the faces have no outstanding characteristics.

The distinctiveness effect in forenames: the role of subjective experiences and recognition memory.

TLDR
The results revealed that distinctive forenames were more memorable than typical forenames and that that this distinctiveness effect was present only in the subjective experience of remembering, and provided support for Rajaram's (1996) distinctiveness-fluency account of the 2 states of subjective awareness.

Distinctiveness of Faces or Distinctiveness of Persons?

Unusual faces are recognized easily. We wanted to see whether this effect of distinctiveness can be extended to other characteristics of the person. Exp. 1 involved episodic recognition tasks (faces,

Distinctiveness and memory.

TLDR
This chapter discusses Distinctiveness and Memory, a comparison of the Social and Cognitive Literatures and a point of view on the effects of emotion, significance, and memory on a social context.

Naming Faces: The Effects of Facial Distinctiveness and Surname Frequency

The effects of the frequency of a surname in the population and of the distinctiveness of a face on the latency to name famous faces were explored. Distinctive faces were named more quickly than were

Elaboration and distinctiveness in memory for faces.

  • E. Winograd
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human learning and memory
  • 1981
This research attempts to account for the finding that faces that have been judged with reference to traits such as honesty or friendliness are better remembered than faces judged with respect to a

Face-name mediated learning and long-term retention: the role of images and imagery processes.

  • L. Groninger
  • Psychology
    The American journal of psychology
  • 2000
TLDR
The image clarity of faces was significantly related to long-term retention of names, the clarity of images decreased with time, and the process of making ratings and reconstructing mental images of faces and face-name connections greatly facilitated long- term retention of Names.
...