The effects of depth, temperature and food ingestion on the foraging energetics of a diving endotherm, the double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus).

@article{Enstipp2006TheEO,
  title={The effects of depth, temperature and food ingestion on the foraging energetics of a diving endotherm, the double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus).},
  author={Manfred R Enstipp and D Gr{\'e}millet and David R. Jones},
  journal={The Journal of experimental biology},
  year={2006},
  volume={209 Pt 5},
  pages={845-59}
}
Avian divers are confronted with a number of physiological challenges when foraging in cold water, especially at depth. Besides the obvious constraint imposed by the necessity to return to the surface for gas exchange, cold water temperatures and a reduction in body insulation due to the increase in pressure with dive depth will elevate the energetic costs of foraging in these endotherm divers. The complex effect that depth has on the diving energetics of aquatic birds has largely been ignored… CONTINUE READING
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