The effects of contextual scenes on the identification of objects

  title={The effects of contextual scenes on the identification of objects},
  author={tephen E. Palmer},
  journal={Memory \& Cognition},
This experiment demonstrates the influence of the prior presentation of visual scenes on the identification of briefly presented drawings of real-world objects. Different pairings of objects and scenes were used to produce three main contextual conditions: appropriate, inappropriate, and no context. Correct responses and confusions with visually similar objects depended strongly on both the contextual condition and the particular target object presented. The probability of being correct was… 

Processing global information in briefly presented pictures

Object recognition accuracy was poor for unusual objects and when the distractors were consistent with the picture meaning and did not substantially differ from the performance of subjects who selected response alternatives after being provided with a theme of the picture, supports the conclusion that subjects were responding on the basis of the global information but not the local object information in the pictures.

Scene and position specificity in visual memory for objects.

  • A. Hollingworth
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2006
This study investigated whether and how visual representations of individual objects are bound in memory to scene context, and tested the hypothesis that episodic scene representations are formed through the binding of object representations to scene locations.

The Role of Contextual Associations in the Selection of Objects

This paper describes a sequence of experiments addressing basic questions about the control of visual attention and the relationship between attention and object recognition. This work reviews

Nontarget objects can influence perceptual processes during object recognition

A six-alternative forced-choice experiment to measure semantic and perceptual errors showed that response bias did account for a proportion of the context effect, and significant facilitation was still present after a bias correction.

Quantifying the role of context in visual object recognition

Results showed a profound effect of context: Participants identified objects in familiar contexts with minimal resolution, suggesting that recognition inamiliar contexts is primarily based on object-location memory.

The influence of scene context on parafoveal processing of objects

Many studies in reading have shown the enhancing effect of context on the processing of a word before it is directly fixated (parafoveal processing of words). Here, we examined whether scene context

Familiar interacting object pairs are perceptually grouped.

  • C. GreenJ. Hummel
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 2006
In this study, observers indicated whether a target object matched a label, which suggests that familiar functional groupings of objects are perceptually grouped.

Effects of encoding the perceptual features of pictures on memory.

  • W. Marks
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1991
A pattern of findings implies that conceptual encoding facilitates retention of the names of the pictures at the cost of some loss in the ability to retain specific visual details.



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An object's meaningful context may affect the course of perceptual recognition and not just peripheral scanning or memory.

Perceptual recognition as a function of meaninfulness of stimulus material.

The data suggest that the first stages of information processing are done in parallel, but scanning of the resultant highly processed information is done serially.

Processes in word recognition

Interaction of information in word recognition.

The model has as its central feature a set of "logogens": devices which accept information relevant to a particular word response irrespective of the source of this information when more than a threshold amount of information has accumulated in any logogen.

Process of recognizing tachistoscopically presented words.

A model for the recognition of tachistoscopically presented words is developed and it is shown that under certain simplifying assumptions this sophisticated guessing model is isomorphic with the "criterion bias" model as developed in 1967 by Broadbent.

Individual Choice Behavior

Searching for objects in real-world scences.