The effects of combining focus of attention and autonomy support on shot accuracy in the penalty kick

  title={The effects of combining focus of attention and autonomy support on shot accuracy in the penalty kick},
  author={Hubert Makaruk and Jared M. Porter and Jerzy Sadowski and Anna Bodasińska and Janusz Zieliński and Tomasz Niźnikowski and Andrzej Mastalerz},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
The penalty kick is of great importance in the sport of soccer. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test predictions of the OPTIMAL theory and identify key attentional and motivational factors that impact the accuracy of the penalty kick. The following six groups of skilled participants performed penalty kicks following instructions that directed their focus of attention or impacted their autonomy support: external focus with autonomy support (EF/AS), external focus alone (EF), internal… 

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