The effects of cognitive behavioral therapy as an anti-depressive treatment is falling: A meta-analysis.

  title={The effects of cognitive behavioral therapy as an anti-depressive treatment is falling: A meta-analysis.},
  author={Tom J. Johnsen and Oddgeir Friborg},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={141 4},
A meta-analysis examining temporal changes (time trends) in the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) as a treatment for unipolar depression was conducted. [] Key Method A comprehensive search of psychotherapy trials yielded 70 eligible studies from 1977 to 2014. Effect sizes (ES) were quantified as Hedge's g based on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD). Rates of remission were also registered.

A Meta-Analysis of Group Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy as an Antidepressive Treatment: Are We Getting Better?

This meta-analysis examines temporal changes (time trends) in the effects of group cognitive–behavioral therapy (GCBT) as a treatment for unipolar depression. In this exploratory study, 37 studies

Time trends in the effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: A meta-analysis.

A meta-analysis to explore the temporal development of the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for current depression in studies that used the Beck Depression Inventory or the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale as outcome measures showed that MBCT is effective in reducing depressive symptoms.

The Effects of Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy for Depression Are Not Falling: A Re-Analysis of Johnsen and Friborg (2015)

The declining effect of CBT for depression observed by Johnsen and Friborg (2015) was highly influenced by 22 studies published before 1995 and that the 48 studies published after 1995 did not demonstrate such a decline.

Meta-analysis and Meta-regression of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis (CBTp) Across Time: The Effectiveness of CBTp has Improved for Delusions

Published research shows small-to-medium effects of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis (CBTp) on reducing psychotic symptoms. Given the on-going development of CBTp interventions, the aim

Four Decades of Outcome Research on Psychotherapies for Adult Depression: An Overview of a Series of Meta-Analyses

In the past 4 decades about 500 randomized trials have examined the effects of psychological treatments of adult depression. In this article the results of a series of meta-analyses of these trials

The effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy as an antidepressive treatment is falling: Reply to Ljòtsson et al. (2017) and Cristea et al. (2017).

This article critically reassesses the nonlinear reanalysis by Ljótsson, Hedman, Mattsson, and Andersson (2017) and reviews Cristea et al.'s (2017) extension of our original meta-analysis (Johnsen &

Are the Effects of Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Depression Falling? Review and Critique of the Evidence

Johnsen and Friborg (Psychological Bulletin 2015; doi:10.1037/bul0000015) report that modern cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) clinical trials yield less relief from depression compared to seminal

Cognitive behavior therapy vs. control conditions, other psychotherapies, pharmacotherapies and combined treatment for depression: a comprehensive meta‐analysis including 409 trials with 52,702 patients

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is by far the most examined type of psychological treatment for depression and is recommended in most treatment guidelines. However, no recent meta‐analysis has

The Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as an Anti‐Depressive Treatment is Falling: Reply to Ljòtsson et al. (2016) and Cristea et al. (2016). RUNNING HEAD Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is Falling AUTHORS

This paper critically reassess Ljótsson et al.’s (2016) nonlinear reanalysis and review Cristea et al.’s (2016) extension of our original meta‐analysis (Johnsen & Friborg, 2015) reporting a decline



Psychotherapy for depression in adults: a meta-analysis of comparative outcome studies.

It is suggested that there are no large differences in efficacy between the major psychotherapies for mild to moderate depression.

Effectiveness of Meta-Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder

MCT and CBT were more effective than pharmacotherapy alone In treatment of MDD and showed significant improvement at post-treatment phase.

A meta-analysis of the efficacy of cognitive therapy for depression.

  • K. Dobson
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1989
The degree of change associated with cognitive therapy was not significantlyrelated to the length of therapy or the proportion of women in the studies, and although it was related to the age of the clientele, a lack of adequate representativeness of various age groups renders these results equivocal.

Effectiveness of and dropout from outpatient cognitive behavioral therapy for adult unipolar depression: a meta-analysis of nonrandomized effectiveness studies.

Although clinical practice patients show lesser improvements in depressive symptoms than RCT patients, individual and group outpatient CBT can be effectively transported to routine clinical practice.

A component analysis of cognitive-behavioral treatment for depression

The purpose of this study was to provide an experimental test of the theory of change put forth by A. T. Beck, A. J. Rush, B. F. Shaw, and G. Emery (1979) to explain the efficacy of

Experimental analysis of a cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression

Cognitive therapy based on the proposals of Beck (1963)and Ellis (1970),and on Bandura (1971)and Marston (1964),was compared both with a behavioral approach derived from Ferster (1965),Lazarus

Comparative outcomes for individual cognitive-behavior therapy, supportive-expressive group psychotherapy, and sertraline for the treatment of depression in multiple sclerosis.

It is suggested that CBT or sertraline is more likely to be effective in treating MDD in MS compared with supportive group treatments, and this results were largely supported by the BDI-18, which eliminates BDI items confounded with MS.

Psychodynamic psychotherapy for children and adolescents: a meta-analysis of short-term psychodynamic models.

Adding psychotherapy to pharmacotherapy in the treatment of depressive disorders in adults: a meta-analysis.

A database derived from a comprehensive literature search in PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for studies published from 1966 to January 2008 found psychotherapy seems to have an additional value compared to pharmacotherapy alone for depression.

Specificity of CBT for Depression: A Contribution from Multiple Treatments Meta-analyses

Abstract The “Dodo bird verdict,” which claims that all psychotherapies are equally effective, has been a source of bewilderment and intense controversy among psychiatrists and psychologists. To