The effects of age, rank and neophobia on social learning in horses

@article{Krueger2013TheEO,
  title={The effects of age, rank and neophobia on social learning in horses},
  author={Konstanze Krueger and Kate Farmer and J{\"u}rgen Heinze},
  journal={Animal Cognition},
  year={2013},
  volume={17},
  pages={645-655}
}
Social learning is said to meet the demands of complex environments in which individuals compete over resources and cooperate to share resources. Horses (Equus caballus) were thought to lack social learning skills because they feed on homogenously distributed resources with few reasons for conflict. However, the horse’s social environment is complex, which raises the possibility that its capacity for social transfer of feeding behaviour has been underestimated. We conducted a social learning… 

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Social learning in horses: The effect of using a group leader demonstrator on the performance of familiar conspecifics in a detour task
Learning through the observation of others allows the transfer of information without the costs incurred during individual trial and error learning. Horses (Equus caballus) are a highly social
Horses fail to use social learning when solving spatial detour tasks
TLDR
It is concluded that horses exposed to prior demonstration did not perform better than control horses in solving spatial detour tasks and was unable to repeat this result in a similar set up with a new group of horses and older, dominant demonstrator horses.
Social Learning in Horses—Fact or Fiction?
TLDR
Horses are undoubtedly sensitive to intra-species transfer of information but this transfer does not appear to satisfy the criteria for social learning, and thus there is no solid evidence for true social learning in horses.
Social learning across species: horses (Equus caballus) learn from humans by observation
TLDR
It is demonstrated that horses learn socially across species, in this case from humans, given that they identify individual humans and orientate on the focus of human attention.
Persistence and conspecific observations improve problem-solving abilities of coyotes
TLDR
Coyotes are capable of social learning for novel tasks but social rank, neophobia, and persistence influence their social-learning capabilities, which contributes to understanding the mechanisms underlying how animals gain information about their environment.
Object movement re-enactment in free-ranging Kune Kune piglets
Learning by observing others is especially beneficial for young and naive individuals. The relationship to the social partner is thus important. While peers are often used as demonstrators to test
Cognition and learning in horses (Equus caballus): What we know and why we should ask more
TLDR
Current research within three related areas of horse cognition: human-horse interactions, social learning and independent learning in horses is explored.
Horses’ (Equus Caballus) Laterality, Stress Hormones, and Task Related Behavior in Innovative Problem-Solving
TLDR
It is concluded that horses’ keeping conditions and welfare may be improved by environmental enrichment which promotes the development of innovative behavior.
Cultural behaviours can be experimentally induced in wild baboons despite constraints on social information transmission
TLDR
Experimentally introduced four innovations across three troops of wild chacma baboons, which quickly spread through all the social groups in which they were tested, suggesting that the formation of animal cultures can be surprisingly resilient to constraints on information transmission.
Goats excel at learning and remembering a highly novel cognitive task
TLDR
It is proposed that goat cognition, and maybe more generally ungulate cognition, is mainly driven by the need to forage efficiently in harsh environments and feed on plants that are difficult to access and to process, more than by the computational demands of sociality.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 96 REFERENCES
Horse sense: social status of horses (Equus caballus) affects their likelihood of copying other horses’ behavior
TLDR
It is shown that domestic horses, Equus caballus, are similarly capable of social cognition and appears to be affected by the demonstrator’s behavior and social status relative to the observer.
Social learning and culture in animals
Most animals must learn some of the behaviours in their repertoire, and some must learn most. Although learning is often thought of as an individual exercise, in nature much learning is social, i.e.
How does dominance rank status affect individual and social learning performance in the dog (Canis familiaris)?
TLDR
The results suggest that perceived dominance rank in its own group has a strong effect on social learning in dogs, but this effect seems to depend also on the demonstrator species.
Equine learning: progress and suggestions for future research
Abstract Horses are well able to form classical and instrumental associations and so the focus of much recent research has been on the stimulus control of instrumental learning. Horses appear to
The relation between social rank, neophobia and individual learning in starlings
Researchers with diverse interests in topics ranging from the formation of dominance hierarchies and social intelligence to animal personalities have predicted specific, and often conflicting,
Social learning strategies
  • K. Laland
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Learning & behavior
  • 2004
TLDR
A number of possible strategies that are predicted by theoretical analyses are discussed, includingcopy when uncertain,copy the majority, andcopy if better, and the empirical evidence in support of each is considered, drawing from both the animal and human social learning literature.
Social constraints determine what is learned in the chimpanzee
TLDR
Chimpanzees appear to experience situations differently: they develop an individual problem-solving strategy according to their social relationships even if the experimental procedure is the same for all.
Simple Mechanisms Can Explain Social Learning in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)
Recent studies have suggested that domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) engage in highly complex forms of social learning. Here, we critically assess the potential mechanisms underlying social learning
The effects of demonstrator social status and prior foraging success on social learning in laying hens
TLDR
Differences in demonstrator salience suggested either that there was an interaction between dominance and gender in demonstrators salience or that dominant hens might have been influential because of some factor imperfectly associated with their dominance status.
Social feeding decisions in horses (Equus caballus)
TLDR
It is concluded that domestic horses use social cognition and strategic decision making in order to decide where to feed in a social feeding situation and switch to an "avoidance tendency" in the presence of dominant horses or when another horse is already feeding there.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...