The effects of abdominal hysterectomy on bladder neck and urinary incontinence.


We assessed the bladder neck (BN) by perineal ultrasonography of 39 patients before and 1 year after hysterectomy, and we compared them with 30 control cases in terms of stress urinary incontinence. We evaluated the BN position and mobility in the downwards and backwards directions. The bladder neck was found to be significantly lower at rest, in the… (More)


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