The effects of a controlled energy storage and return prototype prosthetic foot on transtibial amputee ambulation.

@article{Segal2012TheEO,
  title={The effects of a controlled energy storage and return prototype prosthetic foot on transtibial amputee ambulation.},
  author={Ava D. Segal and Karl E. Zelik and Glenn K. Klute and David Crespi Morgenroth and Michael E. Hahn and Michael Orendurff and Peter Gabriel Adamczyk and Steven H. Collins and Arthur D. Kuo and Joseph M. Czerniecki},
  journal={Human movement science},
  year={2012},
  volume={31 4},
  pages={918-31}
}
The lack of functional ankle musculature in lower limb amputees contributes to the reduced prosthetic ankle push-off, compensations at other joints and more energetically costly gait commonly observed in comparison to non-amputees. A variety of energy storing and return prosthetic feet have been developed to address these issues but have not been shown to sufficiently improve amputee biomechanics and energetic cost, perhaps because the timing and magnitude of energy return is not controlled… CONTINUE READING

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