The effectiveness of exercise interventions to prevent sports injuries: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

  title={The effectiveness of exercise interventions to prevent sports injuries: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials},
  author={Jeppe Bo Lauersen and Ditte Marie Bertelsen and Lars Bo Andersen},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  pages={871 - 877}
Background Physical activity is important in both prevention and treatment of many common diseases, but sports injuries can pose serious problems. Objective To determine whether physical activity exercises can reduce sports injuries and perform stratified analyses of strength training, stretching, proprioception and combinations of these, and provide separate acute and overuse injury estimates. Material and methods PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and SPORTDiscus were searched and yielded 3462… 

Strength training as superior, dose-dependent and safe prevention of acute and overuse sports injuries: a systematic review, qualitative analysis and meta-analysis

The included studies were generally well designed and executed, had high compliance rates, were safe, and attained consistently favourable results across four different acute and overuse injury outcomes despite considerable differences in populations and interventions.

Intervention Strategies Used in Sport Injury Prevention Studies: A Systematic Review Identifying Studies Applying the Haddon Matrix

Valuable insight into the extent of the evidence base of sport injury prevention studies was obtained and potential knowledge gaps were identified for 20 potential intervention strategies, which can be used to monitor potential gaps in the knowledge base on sport injury Prevention.

Strategies to prevent and manage running-related knee injuries: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials

Low-certainty evidence suggests that running-related patellofemoral pain may be effectively managed through a variety of active and passive interventions (eg, foot orthoses, osteopathic manipulation).

Effectiveness of Warm-Up Intervention Programs to Prevent Sports Injuries among Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Sports participation by children and adolescents often results in injuries. Therefore, injury prevention warm-up programs are imperative for youth sports safety. The purpose of this paper was to

Risk factors and prevention strategies for shoulder injuries in overhead sports: an updated systematic review

There is moderate evidence for two non-modifiable (playing position, gender) and three modifiable factors being associated with the shoulder injury risk in overhead sports.

Neuromuscular training injury prevention strategies in youth sport: a systematic review and meta-analysis

There is evidence for the effectiveness of neuromuscular training strategies in the reduction of injury in numerous team sports, but lack of uptake and ongoing maintenance of such programmes is an ongoing concern.

A Comprehensive Summary of Systematic Reviews on Sports Injury Prevention Strategies

A qualitative summary of published systematic reviews and meta-analyses that have examined the effectiveness of sports injury prevention programs on reducing musculoskeletal injuries is provided to provide sports medicine providers with a single source of the most up-to-date publications in the literature on sports injury Prevention.

A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials on the Effectiveness of Exercise Intervention in Preventing Sports Injuries

The analysis showed that different exercises have preventive roles in sports injuries, and the warm-up FIFA, neuromuscular training, and eccentric training reduced the risk of injury in the intervention group compared to the control group by a high percentage.

Effectiveness of multicomponent lower extremity injury prevention programmes in team-sport athletes: an umbrella review

Lower extremity muscle strength and balance exercises should be prioritised in lower extremity injury prevention programmes for team-sport athletes.

The effectiveness of exercise interventions to prevent shoulder injuries in athletes: a systematic review protocol.

OBJECTIVE This review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise intervention versus no intervention or alternate intervention to prevent shoulder injuries in athletes. INTRODUCTION



Prevention of sports injuries: systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

A decreased risk of sports injuries was associated with the use of insoles, external joint supports, and multi-intervention training programs, and more high-quality randomized controlled trials in different sports and populations are needed.

Neuromuscular training for sports injury prevention: a systematic review.

Evidence was shown for the effectiveness of proprioceptive/neuromuscular training in reducing the incidence of certain types of sports injuries among adolescent and young adult athletes during pivoting sports and for exercise interventions in athletes with a history of sports injury.

The impact of stretching on sports injury risk: a systematic review of the literature.

There is not sufficient evidence to endorse or discontinue routine stretching before or after exercise to prevent injury among competitive or recreational athletes and further research is urgently needed.

Prevention of sport injury II: a systematic review of clinical science research

The authors found only 139 publications in the existing literature that examined interventions designed to prevent sports injury that examined equipment or training interventions whereas only 4% focused on changes to the rules and regulations that govern sport.

Prevention of sports injury I: a systematic review of applied biomechanics and physiology outcomes research

The decrease in crossover study design and increase in RCTs over time suggest a shift in study design for injury prevention articles, and the change in research focus from equipment interventions, which have been decreasing since 2000, to training interventions, who have been increasing (213% increase).

Injury Prevention in Sports

The authors found that ankle bracing, helmets, face shields, and mouthguards were effective among the extrinsic strategies, and studies of breakaway bases and sport-specific rules had methodological flaws that made interpretation difficult.

Is it Possible to Prevent Sports Injuries?

Well-designed randomised studies are needed on preventive actions and devices that are in common use, such as preseason medical screenings, warming up, proprioceptive training, stretching, muscle strengthening, taping, protective equipment, rehabilitation programmes and education interventions (such as increasing general injury awareness among a team).

A pragmatic randomised trial of stretching before and after physical activity to prevent injury and soreness

Stretching before and after physical activity does not appreciably reduce all-injury risk but probably reduces the risk of some injuries, and does reduce therisk of bothersome soreness.