The effectiveness of exercise interventions for people with Parkinson's disease: A systematic review and meta‐analysis

  title={The effectiveness of exercise interventions for people with Parkinson's disease: A systematic review and meta‐analysis},
  author={Victoria A. Goodwin and Suzanne H. Richards and Rod S. Taylor and Adrian H. Taylor and John L Campbell},
  journal={Movement Disorders},
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting the physical, psychological, social, and functional status of individuals. Exercise programs may be an effective strategy to delay or reverse functional decline for people with PD and a large body of empirical evidence has emerged in recent years. The objective is to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting on the effectiveness of exercise interventions on outcomes (physical, psychological or social… 
Effects of resistance training for people with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review.
A Systematic Review on Various Modes of Exercise on People with Parkinson's Disease
  • I. Roy, S. Roy
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice
  • 2012
Exercise appears to provide benefits for physical functioning and health-related quality of life of people with PD, and core areas of exercise appear to support the physical, psychological, and sociological aspects of the life of PD patients.
Aerobic Exercise for Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Aerobic exercise showed immediate beneficial effects in improving motor action, balance, and gait in patients with PD, but not in quality of life, and there was no valid evidence on follow-up effects of aerobic exercise for PD.
The Effects of Exercise on Balance in Persons with Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review Across the Disability Spectrum
This project sought to systematically review studies that examined the impact of exercise interventions on balance outcomes for people with Parkinson's disease, within the categories defined by the World Health Organization in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) model.
Physiotherapy intervention in Parkinson’s disease: systematic review and meta-analysis
Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials found no evidence that the treatment effect differed across the interventions for any outcomes assessed, apart from motor subscores on the unified Parkinson’s disease rating scale.
Comments on: “Nordic Walking for the Management of People With Parkinson Disease: A Systematic Review”
  • Mohammad Alwardat
  • Psychology, Medicine
    PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation
  • 2018
Effects of Physical-Exercise-Based Rehabilitation Programs on the Quality of Life of Patients With Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Physical-exercise-based rehabilitation programs realized 2-4 times a week, 60 min each session, for 6-12 weeks, and follow-up of 3 months promotes significant positive effects on quality of life in Parkinson's disease patients at mild to moderate stages and disease duration around 6 years.
Is Aquatic Therapy Optimally Prescribed for Parkinson's Disease? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Aquatic therapy had positive outcomes for gait, balance and mobility that were comparable to land-based physiotherapy in the early stages of PD.
Systematic review of the effectiveness of occupational therapy-related interventions for people with Parkinson's disease.
A systematic review of the literature on occupational therapy-related interventions for people with Parkinson's disease revealed three broad categories of intervention emerged: exercise or physical activity; environmental cues, stimuli, and objects; and self-management and cognitive-behavioral strategies.


The effects of physical therapy in Parkinson's disease: a research synthesis.
The hypothesis that Parkinson patients benefit from PT added to their standard medication is supported, in terms of neurologic signs, activities of daily living, and walking ability.
Evidence‐based analysis of physical therapy in Parkinson's disease with recommendations for practice and research
Current evidence and practice recommendations based on evidence from more than two controlled trials provide a basis for current physical therapy in Parkinson's disease in everyday clinical practice, as well as for future research in this field.
A randomised controlled trial of a home based exercise programme to reduce the risk of falling among people with Parkinson’s disease
There was a trend towards a reduction in fall events and injurious falls with a positive effect of exercises on near falls and quality of life.
Physical activity and older adults: a review of health benefits and the effectiveness of interventions
The evidence for a causal relationship between sedentary behaviour/physical activity programmes and cardiovascular, musculoskeletal and psycho-social health, independent living and health-related quality of life into old age is considered.
Qigong exercise for the symptoms of Parkinson's disease: A randomized, controlled pilot study
Irrespective of limited evidence, not only traditional physiotherapy, but also a wide array of complementary methods are applied by patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). We evaluated the immediate
Effects of external rhythmical cueing on gait in patients with Parkinson's disease: a systematic review
Only one high-quality study is suggested, suggesting that the walking speed of patients with Parkinson's disease can be positively influenced, however, it is unclear whether positive effects identified in the laboratory can be generalized to improved activities of daily living (ADLs) and reduced frequency of falls in the community.
Long-term effect of body weight-supported treadmill training in Parkinson's disease: a randomized controlled trial.
BWSTT has a lasting effect specifically on short-step gait in PD and is of long-term benefit for patients with Parkinson's disease.
A randomised controlled cross-over trial of aerobic training versus Qigong in advanced Parkinson's disease.
Aerobic training exerts a significant impact on the ability of moderately disabled PD patients to cope with exercise, although it does not improve their self-sufficiency and quality of life.
Aerobic Exercise and Early Parkinson's Disease
The effects of 12 weeks of twice-weekly aerobic exercise were investigated in a group of 13 persons with early Parkinson's disease (PD), compared with 13 nonexercising parkin sonians. Pertinent
Movement disorders in people with Parkinson disease: a model for physical therapy.
  • M. Morris
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Physical therapy
  • 2000
The model advocates a task-specific approach to training, with emphasis on treating people with PD-related movement disorders such as hypokinesia and postural instability within the context of functional tasks of everyday living such as walking, turning over in bed, and manipulating objects.