The effective zone of botulinum toxin A injections in the sternocleidomastoid muscle

@article{Lee2010TheEZ,
  title={The effective zone of botulinum toxin A injections in the sternocleidomastoid muscle},
  author={Jung hun Lee and Boon Lee and Seung-Ho Han and Xiaoshuai An and Rachel H. Chung},
  journal={Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy},
  year={2010},
  volume={33},
  pages={185-190}
}
PurposeThe aim of this study was to document the anatomical landmarks of the motor entry point (MEP) and the intramuscular motor point (IMP) of the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle for effective botulinum toxin injections.Materials and methodsThirty-five specimens from 20 adults bodies donated to science were investigated. The reference points were the mastoid process and the most medial point of the clavicle.ResultsThe mean length of the reference line was 165.2 ± 12.8 mm. 97.0% of the total… CONTINUE READING
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