The effective zone of botulinum toxin A injections in the sternocleidomastoid muscle

@article{Lee2010TheEZ,
  title={The effective zone of botulinum toxin A injections in the sternocleidomastoid muscle},
  author={Jung hun Lee and Boon Lee and Seung Ho Han and Xiaoshuai An and Rachel H. Chung},
  journal={Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy},
  year={2010},
  volume={33},
  pages={185-190}
}
The aim of this study was to document the anatomical landmarks of the motor entry point (MEP) and the intramuscular motor point (IMP) of the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle for effective botulinum toxin injections. Thirty-five specimens from 20 adults bodies donated to science were investigated. The reference points were the mastoid process and the most medial point of the clavicle. The mean length of the reference line was 165.2 ± 12.8 mm. 97.0% of the total number of MEP in this study were… CONTINUE READING
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