The effect of the model's presence and of negative evidence on infants' selective imitation.

@article{Kirly2009TheEO,
  title={The effect of the model's presence and of negative evidence on infants' selective imitation.},
  author={Ildik{\'o} Kir{\'a}ly},
  journal={Journal of experimental child psychology},
  year={2009},
  volume={102 1},
  pages={14-25}
}
This study demonstrated selective "rational" imitation in infants in two testing conditions: in the presence or absence of the model during the response phase. In the study, 14-month-olds were more likely to imitate a tool-use behavior when a prior failed attempt emphasized the logical reason and relevance of introducing this novel means, making it cognitively transparent for the infants. Infants also learned imitatively from the cognitively opaque (yet socially communicated) modeling situation… CONTINUE READING

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