The effect of the intestinal changes brought about by the expulsion of Trichinella spiralis in rats was studied in relation to the growth and survival of a concurrent infection with Hymenolepis diminuta, a cestode not normally rejected by the rat in low-level infections. Growth of H. diminuta was stunted in rats given T. spiralis just before, or after, infection with H. diminuta, the stunting being more pronounced when the cestode was given closer to the period of inflammation. There was no loss of the cestode from dual-infected rats and no evidence for destrobilation was found. Lower T. spiralis burdens had a correspondingly weaker effect on growth of H. diminuta, and stunting was abolished by administration of the anti-inflammatory drug cortisone acetate. It is concluded that the stunting of H. diminuta is probably due to the non-specific inflammatory component of the rat's response to T. spiralis infection.