The effect of temporomandibular disorders on condition-specific quality of life in patients with dentofacial deformities.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effect of temporomandibular disorders on quality of life (QOL) of patients with dentofacial deformities. STUDY DESIGN A case-control study was performed involving 3 age- and gender-matched groups: 38 preoperative participants, 38 postoperative participants, and 39 control participants. Temporomandibular joints were assessed using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD axis I), and QOL was assessed using the Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ) and the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36). RESULTS Significantly lower OQLQ scores were found in postoperative patients with one or more RDC/TMD findings; the domains in which these occurred were mental health, dentofacial esthetics, and awareness of dentofacial esthetics for patients with myofascial pain; social aspects and awareness of dentofacial esthetics for patients with disk displacement with reduction; and all domains for patients with arthritis (all P < .05). CONCLUSIONS Despite the variable effect of orthognathic treatment on TMDs, the presence of TMDs in patients after treatment can have a negative effect on their QOL.

DOI: 10.1016/j.oooo.2013.11.493

Cite this paper

@article{AlAhmad2014TheEO, title={The effect of temporomandibular disorders on condition-specific quality of life in patients with dentofacial deformities.}, author={Hazem Tayseer Salim Al-Ahmad and Zaid Bakri Al-Bitar}, journal={Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology}, year={2014}, volume={117 3}, pages={293-301} }