The effect of standard care, ibuprofen, and music on pain relief and patient satisfaction in adults with musculoskeletal trauma.

OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were to determine the most effective nursing intervention to decrease pain for patients with minor musculoskeletal trauma and moderate pain at triage and to examine patient satisfaction. METHODS Patients were assigned to 1 of 3 intervention groups: (1) standard care (ice, elevation, and immobilization); (2) standard… CONTINUE READING