The effect of species diversity on lipid production by micro-algal communities

@article{Stockenreiter2010TheEO,
  title={The effect of species diversity on lipid production by micro-algal communities},
  author={Maria Stockenreiter and Anne-Kathrin Graber and Florian Haupt and Herwig Stibor},
  journal={Journal of Applied Phycology},
  year={2010},
  volume={24},
  pages={45-54}
}
Current research investigating the importance of diversity for biofuel lipid production remains limited. In contrast, the relationship between diversity and productivity within terrestrial and algal primary producers has been well documented in ecology. Hence, we set out to investigate, experimentally, whether diversity may also affect lipid production in micro-algae. We investigated the growth and lipid production of micro-algae using species from all major algal groups. Algae were grown in a… 
Functional group richness: implications of biodiversity for light use and lipid yield in microalgae
TLDR
It is hypothesized that there is a relationship between diversity, light use, and microalgal lipid production in phytoplankton communities and a powerful and cost‐effective way to improve biofuel production might be accomplished by incorporating diversity related, resource‐use‐dynamics into algal biomass production.
Development of marine multi-algae cultures for biodiesel production
Assessing the Potential of Polyculture to Accelerate Algal Biofuel Production
Production stability and biomass quality in microalgal cultivation – Contribution of community dynamics
TLDR
It is proposed that a multispecies community approach can aid sustainability in microalgal cultivation, through complementary use of resources and higher culture stability, while dynamic changes occurred in community composition.
Title Assessing the potential of polyculture to accelerate algal biofuel production Permalink
To date, the algal biofuel industry has focused on the cultivation of monocultures of highly productive algal strains, but scaling up production remains challenging. Algal monocultures are difficult
Community Ecology of Algal Biofuels: Complementarity and Trait-Based Approaches
TLDR
This review offers a mechanistic framework for optimizing algal biofuel production while minimizing the negative effects of invasion, infection, and herbivory in open outdoor pond systems.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
Diversity predicts stability and resource use efficiency in natural phytoplankton communities
TLDR
It is shown here that phytoplankton resource use, and thus carbon fixation, is directly linked to the diversity of phytopsized communities, and that the diversity requirement for stable ecosystem functioning scales with the nutrient level (total phosphorus), as evidenced by the opposing effects of diversity and resource level on the variability of both resource use and community composition.
Species richness enhances both algal biomass and rates of oxygen production in aquatic microcosms
TLDR
It is suggested that changes in biodiversity may influence not only the rates at which O 2 and CO 2 are produced and released in ecosystems, but also the total amount of carbon that is sequestered and stored as biomass.
The coupling of biodiversity and productivity in phytoplankton communities: consequences for biomass stoichiometry.
TLDR
It is shown that biodiversity influences carbon assimilation and nutrient uptake of phytoplankton communities in different ways, resulting in variations of biomass stoichiometry, and data from 46 lake communities support this link.
Phytoplankton species richness scales consistently from laboratory microcosms to the world's oceans.
TLDR
A striking result is that the species-area relationship derived from small-scale experimental studies correctly scales up to natural aquatic ecosystems and patterns in microbial diversity are strongly consistent with those that have been repeatedly reported in the literature for macroorganisms.
Spectral Niche Complementarity and Carbon Dynamics in Pelagic Ecosystems
TLDR
It is argued that taxon‐specific differential equipment with photosynthetically active pigments provides a biochemical mechanism of resource use complementarity among phototrophic microorganisms, enabling more diverse communities to more completely harvest the light spectrum.
Lipid productivity as a key characteristic for choosing algal species for biodiesel production
TLDR
The importance of lipid productivity as a selection parameter over lipid content and growth rate individually is demonstrated and provides a framework for decision-making and a starting point for further investigation of species selection.
Effects of nitrogen sources on cell growth and lipid accumulation of green alga Neochloris oleoabundans
TLDR
The effects of nitrogen sources and their concentrations on cell growth and lipid accumulation of Neochloris oleoabundans, one of the most promising oil-rich microalgal species, are studied.
Partitioning selection and complementarity in biodiversity experiments
TLDR
The selection effect is zero on average and varies from negative to positive in different localities, depending on whether species with lower- or higher-than-average biomass dominate communities, while the complementarity effect is positive overall, supporting the hypothesis that plant diversity influences primary production in European grasslands through niche differentiation or facilitation.
Microalgae for oil: Strain selection, induction of lipid synthesis and outdoor mass cultivation in a low‐cost photobioreactor
Thirty microalgal strains were screened in the laboratory for their biomass productivity and lipid content. Four strains (two marine and two freshwater), selected because robust, highly productive
Microalgal triacylglycerols as feedstocks for biofuel production: perspectives and advances.
TLDR
A brief summary of the current knowledge on oleaginous algae and their fatty acid and TAG biosynthesis, algal model systems and genomic approaches to a better understanding of TAG production, and a historical perspective and path forward for microalgae-based biofuel research and commercialization are provided.
...
...