The effect of public health measures on the 1918 influenza pandemic in U.S. cities

  title={The effect of public health measures on the 1918 influenza pandemic in U.S. cities},
  author={Martin C. J. Bootsma and Neil M. Ferguson},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  pages={7588 - 7593}
During the 1918 influenza pandemic, the U.S., unlike Europe, put considerable effort into public health interventions. There was also more geographic variation in the autumn wave of the pandemic in the U.S. compared with Europe, with some cities seeing only a single large peak in mortality and others seeing double-peaked epidemics. Here we examine whether differences in the public health measures adopted by different cities can explain the variation in epidemic patterns and overall mortality… 

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