The effect of postmenopause and postmenopausal HRT on measured voice values and vocal symptoms.

@article{Lindholm1997TheEO,
  title={The effect of postmenopause and postmenopausal HRT on measured voice values and vocal symptoms.},
  author={Paula Lindholm and Erkki Vilkman and Tytti Raudaskoski and Eila Suvanto-Luukkonen and Antti Kauppila},
  journal={Maturitas},
  year={1997},
  volume={28 1},
  pages={47-53}
}
OBJECTIVES To study the effect of postmenopause and postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on the measured fundamental frequency (F0) and sound pressure level (SPL) of sustained phonation and speaking voice samples and on subjective vocal/laryngeal symptoms. METHODS Forty-three postmenopausal women (mean age 51.6) were divided into three groups: a group with no HRT, an estrogen group (daily oral dose of 2 mg of estradiol valerate), and an estrogen-progestin group (daily oral dose of… CONTINUE READING
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