The effect of pattern recognition and tonal predictability on sight-singing ability

  title={The effect of pattern recognition and tonal predictability on sight-singing ability},
  author={Philip A. Fine and Anna Berry and Burton S. Rosner},
  journal={Psychology of Music},
  pages={431 - 447}
This study investigated the role of concurrent musical parts in pitching ability in sight-singing, concentrating on the effects of melodic and harmonic coherence. Twenty-two experienced singers sang their part twice in each of four novel chorales. The chorales contained either original or altered melody and original (tonal) or altered (atonal) harmony. Participants also performed an interval-singing task. Alterations from the original in both melody and harmony increased pitching errors in… 

Figures from this paper

Tonal and textural influences on musical sight-reading

Two experiments investigated the impact of two structural factors—musical tonality and musical texture—on pianists’ ability to play by sight without prior preparation, known as musical sight-reading, and found that errors in performance increased for passages with lesser perceived psychological stability relative to greater perceived stability.

The Acquisition of Sight-Singing Skills in Second-Grade General Music

This study was designed to examine two aspects of sight-singing instruction: (1) solfège syllables versus the syllable loo for singing patterns and (2) the use of related songs (songs that began with

The Relationship of Pitch Sight-Singing Skills With Tonal Discrimination, Language Reading Skills, and Academic Ability in Children

This study investigated correlates that might explain variance in beginning sight-singing achievement, including tonal discrimination, reading fluency, reading comprehension, and academic ability.


Harmonic hearing is a significant characteristic for professional musicians, hence its development is one of the most important tasks in musical training, precisely in teaching solfeggio. The paper

The role of positional knowledge and tonal approaches in cellists’ sight-reading

Sight-reading is an important skill for amateur and professional musicians. Several factors seem to play a role in sight-reading skills, such as expertise level, ear training, mental speed and

The Effect of Pitch and Rhythm Difficulty on High School String Sight-Reading Performance

Reading music at sight is a complex skill, requiring the musician to perform pitch and rhythm simultaneously. Previous research has identified difficulty levels for pitch and rhythm skills for

The Development of a String Sight-Reading Pitch Skill Hierarchy

This study was designed to determine a pitch skill hierarchy for string sight-reading, to determine the effects of key on string sight-reading achievement, and to determine the validity of a tonal

Handling of incongruences in music notation during singing or playing

During music reading, performers create expectations of the upcoming music. When these expectations are violated due to changes in the notation, performers have to adjust their reading and adapt

Effects of Visual Predictive Information and Sequential Context on Neural Processing of Musical Syntax

The results suggest that the right frontal areas carry out the primary role in musical syntactic analysis and integration of the ongoing context, which produce schematic expectations that, together with the veridical expectation incorporated by the temporal areas, inform musical Syntactic processing in musicians.

Anticipation awareness and visual monitoring in reading contemporary music

This study examines anticipation and related eye movement measures during music reading with 22 pianists performing four successive executions of an excerpt of Ligeti’s Etude No. 4 “Fanfares”. The



Effects of Contextual Sight-Singing and Aural Skills Training on Error-Detection Abilities

Effects of contextual sight-singing and ear training on pitch and rhythm error detection abilities among undergraduate instrumental music education majors were examined. Experimental (n1 = 15) and

Expertise in musical sight reading : A study of pianists

Musical sight reading on the piano represents a complex transcription task involving a series of overlapping perceptual, cognitive and motoric processes. It is suggested that skilled sight reading

Improving Sight-Singing Performance in the Choral Ensemble: The Effect of Individual Testing

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of individual testing, in conjunction with group instruction, on students' sight-singing skills. A quasi-experimental study was designed to test

The effects of skill on the eye–hand span during musical sight–reading

  • S. FurneauxM. Land
  • Psychology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1999
The time index was significantly affected by the performance tempo: when fast tempos were imposed on performance, all subjects showed a reduction in the time index, but that professionals can fit more information into their buffers.

Visual Perception of Musical Notation: Registering Pitch Symbols in Memory

  • J. Sloboda
  • Psychology
    The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
  • 1976
These experiments examined the way in which experienced musicians differed from non-musicians in their recognition of briefly exposed pitch notation, and investigated the nature of the abstract code for musicians.

Effects of Auditory Feedback Deprivation on Expressive Piano Performance

Previous studies have suggested that elimination of auditory feedback has no significant effect on the accuracy of keyboard performance. In the present study, this issue was investigated further by

The Eye-Hand Span-An Approach to the Study of Sight Reading

Sight reading is a skill which causes difficulty even to some accomplished musicians. The reasons for this are usually not clear to the introspections of musicians themselves, yet there is some

Studying expertise in music reading: Use of a pattern-matching paradigm

Findings suggest that skilled sight-reading is associated with an ability to rapidly perceive notes or groups of notes in the score, and confirm that the pattern-matching paradigm is a useful tool in examining expertise in music reading.

Profiles of Processing: Eye Movements during Sightreading

Temporal and sequential components of the eye movement used by a skilled and a less-skilled sightreader were used to construct six profiles of processing. Each subject read three melodies of varying

A cognitive model of musical sight-reading

  • T. Wolf
  • Psychology
    Journal of psycholinguistic research
  • 1976
A cognitive model of musical sight-reading is proposed: the schematic model of interlocking information-processing systems explains the differences between skilled and unskilled sight-readers; it also explains why some experienced, professional musicians are poor sight- readers.