The effect of multilingualism/multiculturalism on personality: no gain without pain for Third Culture Kids?

@article{Dewaele2009TheEO,
  title={The effect of multilingualism/multiculturalism on personality: no gain without pain for Third Culture Kids?},
  author={Jean‐Marc Dewaele and Jan Pieter van Oudenhoven},
  journal={International Journal of Multilingualism},
  year={2009},
  volume={6},
  pages={443 - 459}
}
Abstract The present study investigates the link between multilingualism/multiculturalism, acculturation and the personality profile (as measured by the Multicultural Personality Questionnaire) of 79 young London teenagers, half of whom were born abroad and had settled down in London during their childhood ‘Third Culture Kids’ (TCKs; Pollock & Van Reken, 2001). Statistical analyses revealed that TCKs scored higher on the dimension of Openmindedness and Cultural Empathy and scored lower on… 
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