The effect of inhibiting topoisomerase I and II on the antiapoptotic response associated with pro-inflammatory crystals of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate in human neutrophils

Abstract

Objective and Design: To investigate the ability of various topoisomerase I and II inhibitors to reverse the pro-survival effects of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals on human neutrophils, thereby identifying potential agents that may promote the resolution of neutrophil accumulation typical of crystal associated inflammatory diseases.¶Materials and Methods: Freshly isolated human neutrophils incubated in the presence of CPPD crystals, with or without the pro-apoptotic cytokine TNF-α, were pre-incubated in the presence or absence of the topoisomerase I inhibitors camptothecin, nogalamycin or β-lapachone, or topoisomerase II inhibitors etoposide, doxorubicin or mitoxantrone. Neutrophil respiratory burst was assessed via chemiluminescence, and two quantitative methods were used for the determination of neutrophil apoptosis; cytoplasmic histone-associated-DNA fragmentation assessment, and endogenous caspase 3 substrate (Ac-DEVD-AMC) cleavage.¶Results: β-lapachone and mitoxantrone effectively repressed CPPD crystal associated respiratory burst, whereas the other topoisomerase inhibitors had no inhibitory or stimulatory effect. Camptothecin and all of the topoisomerase II inhibitors induced neutrophil apoptosis, even in the presence of the CPPD crystals that normally repress TNF-α-induced and spontaneous apoptosis.¶Conclusions: These results suggest that although topoisomerase II antagonists are distinctively effective agents at reversing the pro-survival effects of crystals on neutrophils, camptothecin was unique as a topoisomerase I inhibitor in that it was significantly more effective as a pro-apoptosis inducer than the topoisomerase II poisons without affecting normal neutrophil activation responses.

DOI: 10.1007/s000110300008

5 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Tudan2003TheEO, title={The effect of inhibiting topoisomerase I and II on the antiapoptotic response associated with pro-inflammatory crystals of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate in human neutrophils}, author={Christopher Tudan and John Jackson and Tobi T Higo and Helen Burt}, journal={Inflammation Research}, year={2003}, volume={52}, pages={008-017} }