The effect of foot imbalance on point of force application in the horse.

  title={The effect of foot imbalance on point of force application in the horse.},
  author={A. M. Wilson and Thomas Seelig and Ruby Austin Shield and Bernard W. Silverman},
  journal={Equine veterinary journal},
  volume={30 6},
Foot imbalance is believed to be a common cause of musculoskeletal injury in the horse; its biomechanical effects are, however, poorly understood. [] Key Method The point of force application during weightbearing was determined at trot using a forceplate system. A total of 8 horses were studied with a minimum of 4 providing data for each wedge condition. The results demonstrated that application of a standard steel horse shoe to a balanced foot has minimal effect on the point of force trace through stance…

Figures from this paper

Effect of foot balance on the intra-articular pressure in the distal interphalangeal joint in vitro.
The results support the view that a balanced foot is the ideal and that the elevated heels may be detrimental to long term viability of the DIP joint.
Hoof ground interaction: when biomechanical stimuli challenge the tissues of the distal limb.
The purpose here is to relate presentday knowledge in this field to potential challenges to distal limb tissues, which may impair the health status of the locomotor system of the horse.
A comparison of three horseshoeing styles on the kinetics of breakover in sound horses.
It is demonstrated that the use of Natural Balance shoes reduces the moment arm of the ground reaction force (GRF) during breakover but does not reduce the peak DIP joint moment or the force on the navicular bone.
The foot-surface interaction and its impact on musculoskeletal adaptation and injury risk in the horse.
It is unclear which of the components of limb loading have the largest effect on injury and performance but peak load, impact and vibration all play a role.
biomechanical considerations in equine laminitis
The overall goal was to assess the ability of foam pads to decrease the load on the laminar structures with the long-term goal of providing an evidence-based approach to treatment of acute laminitis.
Three-dimensional kinematics of the equine interphalangeal joints: articular impact of asymmetric bearing.
The results confirm the functional importance of interphalangeal joint movements outside the sagittal plane and demonstrate the involvement of the proximal interphalangesal joint in the digital balance.
Dynamic pressure measurements for the detailed study of hoof balance: the effect of trimming.
To test a sensitive pressure measurement system during locomotion and to set a standard for further studies by using the system to evaluate the effects of trimming, and to quantify hoof balance characteristics and to measure short-term trimming effects.
The force and contact stress on the navicular bone during trot locomotion in sound horses and horses with navicular disease.
A technique for the determination of the contact area between the deep digital flexor tendon and the navicular bone in vivo is developed, and a forceplate system is used to determine the force and stress on the bone at trot in 6 normal and eight diseased horses.


Identification of subclinical tendon injury from ground reaction force analysis.
In this study a method of analysing ground reaction forces was developed to help in the diagnosis of subclinical flexor tendon injury. A Kistler force plate was used to obtain records from a
Measurements of bone strain in foals with altered foot balance.
Abnormal hoof balance apparently had no lasting effect on compressive forces running through the limb, and the natural situation of higher compressive strain medially was restored quickly.
Effect of prolonged walking on concrete on the knees of sheep.
Ground reaction force patterns of Dutch Warmblood horses at normal trot
Ground reaction force (GRF) data were collected from 20 clinically sound Dutch Warmblood horses to establish limb loading patterns of sound horses at the trot to provide a data base against which results for lame horses could be compared.
Functional Data Analysis
Functional data analysis models data using functions or functional parameters using methods used for approximating these with as much flexibility as the data require.
A clinical and experimental study of tendon injury, healing and treatment in the horse.
This project was carried out over a five year period (1977 to 1981 inclusive) at the University of Bristol following discussion between the British Veterinary Association and the Royal College of
Biomechanics, gait and conformation In: The Athletic Horse, 1st edn
  • 1994
Shock and vibration during the hoof impact on different track surfaces. In: Equine Exercise Physiology 3. Ed
  • KEEP Publications
  • 1991