The effect of distraction on face and voice recognition

  title={The effect of distraction on face and voice recognition},
  author={Sarah V. Stevenage and Greg J. Neil and Jessica Marie Barlow and Amy Dyson and Catherine Eaton-Brown and Beth Parsons},
  journal={Psychological Research},
The results of two experiments are presented which explore the effect of distractor items on face and voice recognition. Following from the suggestion that voice processing is relatively weak compared to face processing, it was anticipated that voice recognition would be more affected by the presentation of distractor items between study and test compared to face recognition. Using a sequential matching task with a fixed interval between study and test that either incorporated distractor items… Expand
Hearing Faces and Seeing Voices: The Integration and Interaction of Face and Voice Processing
Cognitive understanding of voice recognition has borrowed much from the area of face processing, both in terms of the theoretical framework within which results are interpreted, and the methodologyExpand
The effect of inserting an inter-stimulus interval in face–voice matching tasks
The results revealed that static face–voice matching was significantly above chance level only when the stimuli were presented simultaneously and the overall bias to respond same identity weakened as the interval increased, suggesting that this bias is explained by temporal contiguity. Expand
When the face fits: Recognition of celebrities from matching and mismatching faces and voices
Analysis in both experiments confirmed that accuracy and confidence in face recognition was consistently high regardless of the identity of the accompanying voice, however accuracy of voice recognition was increasingly affected as the relationship between voice and accompanying face declined. Expand
Explaining face-voice matching decisions: The contribution of mouth movements, stimulus effects and response biases
The findings suggest that face-voice identity matching may not be possible with above-chance accuracy but that analyses of response biases can shed light upon how people attempt face- Voice matching. Expand
Sorting through the impact of familiarity when processing vocal identity: Results from a voice sorting task
The results suggested that familiarity supported both an ability to tell different instances of the same voice together, and to tell similar instances of different voices apart, underlining the importance of vocal characteristics and stimulus selection within behavioural tasks. Expand
Crossmodal priming of unfamiliar faces supports early interactions between voices and faces in person perception
ABSTRACT Although faces and voices are important sources of information for person recognition, it is unclear whether these cues interact at a late stage to act as complementary, unimodal sources forExpand
Assessing susceptibility to distraction along the vocal processing hierarchy
The findings suggest the possibility to target specific stages of the voice perception process and help explore different stages of voice perception and their contributions to specific auditory abilities, possibly also in forensic and clinical settings. Expand
A sound effect: Exploration of the distinctiveness advantage in voice recognition
Two experiments are presented, which explore the presence of a distinctiveness advantage when recognising unfamiliar voices, and aligned well with similar results when processing faces, and provided a useful point of comparison between voice and face processing. Expand
Memory for faces and voices varies as a function of sex and expressed emotion
Results show that memory for faces and voices may be influenced by the expressions that they carry, as well as by the sex of both items and participants, and suggest that own-sex bias can be explained by recollection, rather than familiarity, rates. Expand
Drawing a distinction between familiar and unfamiliar voice processing: A review of neuropsychological, clinical and empirical findings
An extensive review of the literature is provided, drawing on evidence from four domains of interest: the neuropsychological study of healthy individuals, neuropsychology investigation of brain‐damaged individuals, the exploration of voice recognition deficits in less commonly studied clinical conditions, and finally empirical data from healthy individuals. Expand


Integrating voice recognition into models of person perception
The results of one empirical study are presented to investigate whether voice recognition might profitably be integrated into a single IAC network for person perception. An identity priming paradigmExpand
Interference in eyewitness and earwitness recognition
Face identification and voice identification were examined using a standard old/new recognition task in order to see whether seeing and hearing the target interfered with subsequent recognition.Expand
Auditory Long term Memory: Repetition Priming of Voice Recognition
Two experiments examined repetition priming in the recognition of famous voices. In Experiment 1, reaction times for fame decisions to famous voice samples were shorter than in an unprimed condition,Expand
Earwitness testimony 2. Voices, faces and context
Two factors relevant to voice recognition were investigated in the study reported here: the effect on memory for a voice of the presence of a face or personal information about the speaker, and theExpand
Why are Familiar-Only Experiences More Frequent for Voices than for Faces?
  • J. Richard Hanley, J. Turner
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. A, Human experimental psychology
  • 2000
It is suggested that associative connections between processing units at different levels in the voice- processing system are much weaker than is the case with the corresponding units in the face-processing system, which will reduce the recall of occupations from voices even when the voice has been found familiar. Expand
Intra- and inter-modal repetition priming of familiar faces and voices.
The results confirmed that inter-modal repetition priming occurs when the interval between exposures to different personal identification stimuli are separated by a short SOA. Expand
Earwitnesses: effects of accent, retention and telephone
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of accent, telephone and a relatively long retention interval (3 or 8 weeks) on speaker identification. Three-hundred and sixty participantsExpand
It is more difficult to retrieve a familiar person's name and occupation from their voice than from their blurred face
The findings showed a marked decrease in retrieval of occupations and names from familiar voices relative to blurred faces even though the two modalities were matched for overall levels of recognition and rated familiarity. Expand
Recalling episodic and semantic information about famous faces and voices
Findings indicate that episodic information was recalled more often from familiar faces than from familiar voices, and that semantic information about a familiar person was never recalled unless some semantic information, such as the person’s occupation, was also retrieved. Expand
Recalling episodic information about personally known faces and voices
Findings showed that episodic information was more often retrieved from familiar faces than from familiar voices, and this advantage of faces over voices was significant even when face recognition was rendered similar as that for voices by blurring the faces. Expand