The effect of digoxin on the electrocardiogram of healthy middle-aged and elderly patients at rest and during exercise--a comparison with the ECG reaction induced by myocardial ischemia.

Abstract

The effect of digoxin on electrocardiogram (ECG) at rest and during exercise, and on QRS amplitude variability (variance ECG) was studied in 20 healthy, middle-aged men and women. Exercise test and variance ECG were performed before and after pretreatment with digoxin orally. Plots of ST-segment level vergus heart rate (HR) were constructed from the rest and exercise ECG recordings. Thus obtained ST/HR loops were compared with loops from 10 male patients with angiographically verified ischemic heart disease (IHD). Pretreatment with digoxin caused a significant (P <.001) ST depression in precordial leads, which was similar in men and women and returned promptly to the isoelectric level after exercise resulting in a counterclockwise rotation of the ST/HR loop. In IHD patients, the exercise-induced ST-segment depression was significantly more pronounced (P <.01) and the ST-segment recovery slower, resulting in clockwise rotated ST/HR loops. The results of variance ECG were not influenced by digoxin. The digoxin-induced ST-reaction during exercise mimics exercise-induced ischemic ST-reaction in patients with IHD, but can still be discerned by the analysis of ST/HR loops.

Cite this paper

@article{Sundqvist2002TheEO, title={The effect of digoxin on the electrocardiogram of healthy middle-aged and elderly patients at rest and during exercise--a comparison with the ECG reaction induced by myocardial ischemia.}, author={Kerstin Sundqvist and Tomas Jogestrand and Jacek Nowak}, journal={Journal of electrocardiology}, year={2002}, volume={35 3}, pages={213-21} }