The effect of copper ions on behavior of larvae of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius at different temperatures of sea water

We investigated the behavior of larvae of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius at the blastula and early pluteus stages in the water column at a temperature of 20, 22, and 23.5°C and in the presence of copper in concentrations of 0.01 and 0.02 mg/l. In clean sea water, at all tested temperatures, sea urchin larvae preferred the subsurface layer to… CONTINUE READING