The effect of chronic co-administration of morphine and verapamil on isoproterenol-induced heart injury.

@article{Joukar2011TheEO,
  title={The effect of chronic co-administration of morphine and verapamil on isoproterenol-induced heart injury.},
  author={Siyavash Joukar and Hamid Najafipour and Shahriar H Dabiri and Vahid Sheibani and Saeid Esmaeili-Mahani and Payam Ghotbi and Foad Amanallahi and Farzin Joukar},
  journal={Cardiovascular & hematological agents in medicinal chemistry},
  year={2011},
  volume={9 4},
  pages={218-24}
}
OBJECTIVE Long-term co-administration of morphine and calcium channel antagonists (CCAs) is likely in some clinical conditions. Reciprocal interactions during chronic concomitant use of these agents are confirmed in central nervous system studies. However, there is little information regarding their chronic combination effects on the cardiovascular system. Present study was designed to assess the effects of chronic co-administration of morphine plus verapamil on some cardiovascular indices of… CONTINUE READING