The effect of antibiotics on mannose-resistant haemagglutination by K88- and K99-positive Escherichia coli strains.

Abstract

Five E. coli strains carrying K99 antigen isolated from the intestines of calves which had succumbed to diarrhoea and six K88-positive strains isolated from fatal cases of diarrhoea in piglets were examined for their mannose-resistant haemagglutination (MRHA) capacity against pig erythrocytes. The bovine strains showed a geometric mean MRHA-titre of 1/18 and the porcine strains one of 1/45. Similar experiments were carried out after addition of the following antibiotics in doubling dilutions: ampicillin, chloramphenicol, colistin, dihydrostreptomycin, gentamicin, neomycin, polymyxin B and oxytetracycline. Colistin and polymyxin B had a marked concentration-dependent inhibitory effect on MRHA. Neomycin and gentamicin also inhibited MRHA but to a lesser degree. Chloramphenicol, dihydrostreptomycin and oxytetracycline showed no effect. With ampicillin, a trend was found for the ratio values to be inversely proportional to the concentration. This suggests that this antibiotic has an enhancing effect on the haemagglutination.

Cite this paper

@article{Sgaard1983TheEO, title={The effect of antibiotics on mannose-resistant haemagglutination by K88- and K99-positive Escherichia coli strains.}, author={Helmer S\ogaard and Jens Laurits Larsen}, journal={Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics}, year={1983}, volume={6 3}, pages={187-93} }