The economics of World War II: The economics of World War II: an overview

  title={The economics of World War II: The economics of World War II: an overview},
  author={Mark Harrison},
This book deals with two issues in the economics of twentieth century warfare. First is the contribution of economics to victory and defeat of the great powers in World War II. Second is the impact of the war upon long-run economic trends and postwar institutions in the economies of the great powers.1 What was the contribution of economics to the outcome of the war? As far as this first question is concerned, the authors share a broad understanding of "economics", which comprises the national… 
Cliometric Approaches to War
This article is a review of the many perspectives from history, political science, sociology, and economics that economic historians have applied to the study of war. Here I first review some of the
Why the Rich Won: Economic Mobilization and Economic Development in Two World Wars*
The paper analyses the variation that we observe in the degrees of economic mobilization of different countries for total war in the twentieth century. Most of this variation is explained by
War and Disintegration, 1914–1950
Introduction Between 1914 and 1945 Europe's economic development and integration were interrupted and set back by two world wars, and its regional patterns were brutally distorted by combat,
This paper tests a simple hypothesis: that given the occurrence of war between two countries, the country that is more egalitarian at the moment of military decision is likely to emerge the victor.
The Crisis of the Nation-State in the Era of European Integration
Though Europe has never truly been politically unified, most of today’s European countries do share a common past and a set of institutions, values, traditions and concepts that stem all the way back
The Frequency of Wars
Wars are increasingly frequent, and the trend has been steadily upward since 1870. The main tradition of Western political and philosophical thought suggests that extensive economic globalization and
Stalinism and the Economics of Wartime
The Stalinist command economy was designed to overcome weaknesses that had destroyed the Russian economy in World War I: a shortage of industrial capacity combined with the peasant farmers'
The Great Leveler: Violence and the History of Inequality from the Stone Age to the Twenty-First Century
Are mass violence and catastrophes the only forces that can seriously decrease economic inequality? To judge by thousands of years of history, the answer is yes. Tracing the global history of
The First World War, 1914–1918
The Russian Empire entered what became known as the First World War in the summer of 1914 as a Great Power on the Eurasian continent. During the first months of the war, the eastern front formed


Resource mobilization for World War II: the U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., and Germany, 1938-1945′
Mark Harrison**Department of EconomicsUniversity of Warwick* Published in the Economic History Review, 41:2 (1988), pp. 171-192.** Mail: Department of Economics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4
Post-war Growth: An Overview
The paper comprises a thorough survey of the literature on growth in Western Europe since 1950. This experience is put in the context both of long-run historical trends and the ideas emanating from
Germany’s Economic Preparations for War
In the pre-war period, the German economy produced both ‘butter’ and ‘guns’ — much more of the former and much less of the latter than has been commonly assumed. By 1937, civilian consumption,
Convergence across States and Regions
A key economic issue is whether poor countries or regions tend to grow faster than rich ones: are there automatic forces that lead to convergence over time in the levels of per capita income and
Accounting for War: Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, 1940-1945
Introduction 1. The research agenda 2. An inside view 3. Measuring Soviet GNP 4. Industry 5. GNP and the defence burden 6. The Alliance 7. War losses 8. Conclusion Appendices Notes Bibliography Index.
Europe's Golden Age: An Econometric Investigation of Changing Trend Rates of Growth
This paper examines growth in output per person in 17 OECD countries from the late nineteenth century to 1989 considering the possibility of several breaks in trend. In all cases the unit root
Technological Leadership and Productivity Leadership in Manufacturing Since the Industrial Revolution: Implications for the Convergence Debate
The United States has been the labor productivity leader in manufacturing since the early nineteenth century despite changes in technological leadership from Britain to the United States and then to
Comparative productivity levels in manufacturing since the Industrial Revolution: Lessons from Britain, America, Germany and Japan
Abstract This paper shows that levels and trends of comparative labour productivity in manufacturing differ from levels and trends of labour productivity at the whole economy level, suggesting that
Does Conquest Pay? The Exploitation of Occupied Industrial Societies
List of Figures and Tables Ch. 2 When Does Conquest Pay? Ch. 3 Nazi-Occupied Western Europe, 1940-1944 Ch. 4 Belgium and Luxembourg, 1914-1918 Ch. 5 The Ruhr-Rhineland, 1923-1924 Ch. 6 The Japanese
Reconstructing Europe's Trade and Payments: The European Payments Union
Background was the EPU really necessary? implications of the 1947 sterling crisis why was the EPU adopted? did the EPU have hidden costs? conclusions and policy implications further analysis of the