The economic burden of depression in the United States: how did it change between 1990 and 2000?

@article{Greenberg2003TheEB,
  title={The economic burden of depression in the United States: how did it change between 1990 and 2000?},
  author={Paul E. Greenberg and Ronald C. Kessler and Howard G. Birnbaum and Stephanie A. Leong and Sarah W. Lowe and Patricia A. Berglund and Patricia K Corey-Lisle},
  journal={The Journal of clinical psychiatry},
  year={2003},
  volume={64 12},
  pages={
          1465-75
        }
}
BACKGROUND The economic burden of depression was estimated to be 43.7 billion dollars in 1990. A subsequent study reported a cost burden of 52.9 billion dollars using revised prevalence data and a refined workplace cost estimation approach. The objective of the current report is to provide a 10-year update of these estimates using the same methodological framework. METHOD Using a human capital approach, we developed prevalence-based estimates of 3 major cost categories: (1) direct costs, (2… 

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