The economic and social burden of malaria

  title={The economic and social burden of malaria},
  author={Jeffrey D. Sachs and Pia Malaney},
Where malaria prospers most, human societies have prospered least. The global distribution of per-capita gross domestic product shows a striking correlation between malaria and poverty, and malaria-endemic countries also have lower rates of economic growth. There are multiple channels by which malaria impedes development, including effects on fertility, population growth, saving and investment, worker productivity, absenteeism, premature mortality and medical costs. 

Greater political commitment needed to eliminate malaria

  • M. Ren
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Infectious Diseases of Poverty
  • 2019
World Malaria Day 2019 is an opportunity to review progress and challenges in this field and to take concerted action to reduce malaria cases and deaths.

Malaria and poverty.

If malaria is to be controlled or eventually eliminated, the social and economic conditions that fuel malaria transmission need to be addressed and malaria control should be seen as a poverty reduction strategy.

Malaria and Economic Development

This paper analyzes the malaria-income relationship for 100 endemic countries over a 17-year period using a simultaneous equations model that accounts for reverse causality and incidental associations, and concludes that higher incomes may allow for increased prevention and treatment of malaria, and therefore contribute to the negative correlation.

Malaria: health is wealth

  • Medicine, Political Science
    Nature Reviews Microbiology
  • 2009
World Malaria Day is an occasion to look at the burden of malaria on the populations in endemic areas, and increased funding of malaria research can provide wide-ranging economic benefits beyond the obvious alleviation of human suffering.

The malaria gap.

This work examines diverse mechanisms through which malaria can affect long-term economic development, suggesting economic externalities associated with malaria that make the burden much greater than the sum of the costs of individual cases.

The economics of malaria control in an age of declining aid

An economic model is presented to propose that US$25−30 per capita will be needed to avoid a disease trap in Africa and shows how health aid can help escape the malaria trap.

Malaria: Disease Impacts and Long-Run Income Differences

The potential impact of malaria on national income levels is explored using a dynamic general equilibrium framework with epidemiological features, and it is found that if there is no feasible prevention or control, malaria can have a significant impact on income levels.

Impact of malaria morbidity on gross domestic product in Uganda

The high burden of malaria leads to decreased long-term economic growth, and works against poverty eradication efforts and socioeconomic development of the country.

Climate, development and malaria: an application of FUND

Climate change may well increase malaria morbidity and mortality. This would slow economic growth through increased spending on health care, reduced production, and less effective education. Slower

Economic Burden of Malaria on Subsistence Crop Production in Kenya.

Households are likely to lose a significant proportion of their crops if a member of the household suffers from malaria at certain periods in the agricultural cycle, however, investments in malaria control programmes have large economic returns because they make an immediate contribution to production by increasing the quantity and quality of labour.



The impact of malaria on labour use and efficiency in the Sudan.

  • E. Nur
  • Economics
    Social science & medicine
  • 1993

The economic burden of malaria.

  • J. GallupJ. Sachs
  • Economics, Medicine
    The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
  • 2001
It is speculated about the mechanisms that could cause malaria to have such a large impact on the economy, such as foreign investment and economic networks within the country, and a second independent measure of malaria has a slightly higher correlation with economic growth in the 1980-1996 period.

Economic and social consequences of malaria in new colonization projects in Brazil.

  • D. Sawyer
  • Economics
    Social science & medicine
  • 1993

Estimating mortality, morbidity and disability due to malaria among Africa's non-pregnant population.

This work has taken an empirical approach to defining the limits of Plasmodium falciparum transmission across the continent and interpolated the distributions of projected populations in 1995 by combining a review of the literature on malaria in Africa and models of acquired functional immunity.

Economic impacts of malaria in Kenya and Nigeria.

During March-June 1993 in Nigeria and Kenya focus groups and data collection were conducted to examine the economic impact of malaria. The study focused on annual lost production due to workers

Insecticide‐treated bednets reduce mortality and severe morbidity from malaria among children on the Kenyan coast

A community randomized, controlled trial of permethrin treated bednets among a rural population on the Kenyan Coast assessed the impact of ITBN on child survival under different epidemiological and cultural conditions.

The Impact of Education, Income, and Mortality on Fertility in Jamaica

Mortality and morbidity from malaria among children in a rural area of The Gambia, West Africa.

Wasted Investments: Some Economic Implications of Childhood Mortality Patterns

In the present paper, the author argues that both structures and levels of childhood mortality patterns have important implications for family economies in historical and in developing societies.

Impact of Plasmodium falciparum malaria on performance and learning: review of the evidence.

It is suggested that malaria in childhood is likely to have effects on general cognitive and behavioral development, which range from subtle to profound, and only through large long-term studies will the wider consequences of malaria on communities in areas of the world where malaria is endemic be established.