The ecology of dippers Cinclus cinclus (L.) in relation to stream acidity in upland Wales: time-activity budgets and energy expenditure

Abstract

The time-activity budget and energy expenditure of a riverine bird, the dipper Cinclus cinclus, was studied from March 1988 to July 1989, across a range of streams of contrasting acidity in upland Wales. Differences in time-activity budgets of birds on acidic and circumneutral streams were consistent with documented differences in prey availability and diet… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/BF00319413

Topics

10 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Ohalloran1990TheEO, title={The ecology of dippers Cinclus cinclus (L.) in relation to stream acidity in upland Wales: time-activity budgets and energy expenditure}, author={Jane A O'halloran and Simon D. Gribbin and Stephanie J. Tyler and Steve J. Ormerod}, journal={Oecologia}, year={1990}, volume={85}, pages={271-280} }