The ecological impacts of marine debris: unraveling the demonstrated evidence from what is perceived.

@article{Rochman2016TheEI,
  title={The ecological impacts of marine debris: unraveling the demonstrated evidence from what is perceived.},
  author={C. Rochman and M. Browne and A. Underwood and J. A. van Franeker and Richard C. Thompson and L. Amaral-Zettler},
  journal={Ecology},
  year={2016},
  volume={97 2},
  pages={
          302-12
        }
}
Anthropogenic debris contaminates marine habitats globally, leading to several perceived ecological impacts. Here, we critically and systematically review the literature regarding impacts of debris from several scientific fields to understand the weight of evidence regarding the ecological impacts of marine debris. We quantified perceived and demonstrated impacts across several levels of biological organization that make up the ecosystem and found 366 perceived threats of debris across all… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Biological and Ecological Impacts of Plastic Debris in Aquatic Ecosystems
Plastic debris is now ubiquitous in aquatic ecosystems worldwide and may impact different biological levels of organisation, with effects ranging from individual organisms to ecosystem functioning.Expand
Quantifying ingested debris in marine megafauna: a review and recommendations for standardization
TLDR
Standardized techniques, approaches and metrics for reporting debris ingestion that are applicable to most large marine vertebrates are discussed and proposed, with the aim of harmonizing the data that are available to facilitate large-scale comparisons and meta-analyses of plastic accumulation in a variety of taxa. Expand
A Review of Plastic-Associated Pressures: Cetaceans of the Mediterranean Sea and Eastern Australian Shearwaters as Case Studies
Impacts of debris on marine fauna occur throughout the marine ecosystems, with adverse impacts documented on over 1,400 species; impacts can be divided into those arising from entanglement, and thoseExpand
Multiple impacts of microplastics can threaten marine habitat-forming species
TLDR
These multiple effects suggest that microplastics at the concentrations present in some marine areas and predicted for most oceans in the coming decades, can ultimately cause coral death, which is generalizable to other habitat-forming suspension and filter feeders given the burgeoning levels of microplastic contamination across the world’s oceans. Expand
Entrapment in plastic debris endangers hermit crabs.
TLDR
The findings show accumulating debris on these islands has the potential to seriously impact hermit crab populations, important for countless other islands worldwide where crabs and debris overlap, as crabs play a crucial role in the maintenance of tropical ecosystems. Expand
Marine plastics: What risks and policies exist for seagrass ecosystems in the Plasticene?
TLDR
Future actions should move in two directions: prompting a radical shift in plastics consumption, and shedding further light on plastics-biota interactions in the marine environment. Expand
Ecological effects of anthropogenic litter on marine mammals: A global review with a “black-list” of impacted taxa
In this work we would define an historical arrangement of the state of knowledge regarding the ecological impact of anthropogenic litter on marine mammals, assessing the role of different type ofExpand
Interactions of microplastic debris throughout the marine ecosystem
TLDR
The concept of microplastic as a complex, dynamic mixture of polymers and additives, to which organic material and contaminants can successively bind to form an ‘ecocorona’, increasing the density and surface charge of particles and changing their bioavailability and toxicity is developed. Expand
An ecotoxicological approach to microplastics on terrestrial and aquatic organisms: A systematic review in assessment, monitoring and biological impact.
  • Omar A. Vázquez, Md Saydur Rahman
  • Medicine
  • Environmental toxicology and pharmacology
  • 2021
TLDR
This review focuses on the impact of microplastics across taxa at suggested environmentally relevant concentrations, and advances the groundwork for future ecotoxicological-based research on microplastic including the main points. Expand
Plastics in the Marine Environment.
  • K. L. Law
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Annual review of marine science
  • 2017
TLDR
A framework to evaluate the current understanding of the sources, distribution, fate, and impacts of marine plastics is presented and the evidence-albeit limited-of demonstrated impacts to marine wildlife support immediate implementation of source-reducing measures to decrease the potential risks of plastics in the marine ecosystem. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
Linking effects of anthropogenic debris to ecological impacts
TLDR
It is shown that by focusing on linkages to ecological impacts rather than the presence of debris and its sublethal impacts, it could reduce threats posed by debris. Expand
The impact of debris on marine life.
  • S. Gall, R C Thompson
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Marine pollution bulletin
  • 2015
TLDR
An extensive literature search reviewed the current state of knowledge on the effects of marine debris on marine organisms, finding that where marine debris combines with other anthropogenic stressors it may affect populations, trophic interactions and assemblages. Expand
Deleterious Effects of Litter on Marine Life
TLDR
In future records of interactions between marine debris and wildlife, it is recommended to focus on standardized data on frequency of occurrence and quantities of debris ingested, to allow more detailed assessments of the deleterious effects of marine debris on individuals and populations. Expand
Marine debris impacts to a tidal fringing-marsh in North Carolina.
TLDR
Injuries sustained by S. alterniflora by debris items common to North Carolina coastal waters as a function of debris type and deployment duration are evaluated, suggesting that removal programs specifically target habitats that are susceptible to negative impacts and prone to debris accumulation. Expand
Environmental implications of plastic debris in marine settings—entanglement, ingestion, smothering, hangers-on, hitch-hiking and alien invasions
  • M. Gregory
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2009
TLDR
There are rapidly developing research interests in the biota attracted to freely floating marine debris, commonly known as ‘hangers-on and hitch-hikers’ as well as material sinking to the sea floor despite being buoyant. Expand
Life in the "plastisphere": microbial communities on plastic marine debris.
TLDR
Pits visualized in the PMD surface conformed to bacterial shapes suggesting active hydrolysis of the hydrocarbon polymer, implying that plastic serves as a novel ecological habitat in the open ocean. Expand
Overview of the biological effects of lost and discarded plastic debris in the marine environment
TLDR
Developing information suggests that the mechanical effects of these materials affect many marine species in many ocean areas, and that these effects justify recognition of persistent plastic debris as a major form of ocean pollution. Expand
Effect of marine litter on the benthic megafauna of coastal soft bottoms: a manipulative field experiment.
TLDR
Both total abundance and the number of species showed an increasing trend in the impacted surfaces, either because the litter provided refuge or reproduction sites for mobile species or because hard-substratum sessile species had the opportunity to settle on provided surfaces. Expand
Spatial and temporal patterns of stranded intertidal marine debris: is there a picture of global change?
TLDR
Although many studies were well designed to answer specific questions, definitions of what constitutes marine debris, the methods used to measure, and the scale of the scope of the studies means that no general picture can emerge from this wealth of data. Expand
Effects of metals on aquatic assemblages: what do we really know?
TLDR
Properly designed experimental field studies are needed to evaluate the effects of metals on organisms and/or assemblages in natural habitats, essential for developing realistic environmental guidelines and managerial strategies for protecting aquatic habitats. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...