The early history of the potato in Europe

  title={The early history of the potato in Europe},
  author={John G. Hawkes and Javier Francisco‐Ortega},
SummaryAlthough many crops were brought to Europe by Columbus and others soon after the discovery of the New World in 1492, the potato arrived much later. This is because it is a cool-temperate crop of the high Andes of South America, and these were not discovered by the Spaniards until 1532. Potatoes were not recorded in the literature until 1537 in what is now Colombia, and did not feature in published works until 1552. No actual account has yet been discovered (and very probably does not… 
What Is the Origin of the European Potato? Evidence from Canary Island Landraces
A hypothesis that there were multiple introductions of Andean and Chilean germplasm to the Canary Islands and that the early European potato was selected from Chilean introductions long before the late blight epiphytotics of the 1840s is supported.
DNA from herbarium specimens settles a controversy about origins of the European potato.
It is reported that the Andean potato predominated in the 1700s, but the Chilean potato was introduced into Europe as early as 1811 and became predominant long before the late blight epidemics in the UK.
The origins and adaptation of European potatoes reconstructed from historical genomes
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    American Journal of Potato Research
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The first impact of the potato on society was the intimate relationship between the domestication of the potato and the evolution of Andean civilization which affected Andean culture and religion. In
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The use of the Commonwealth Potato Collection in potato breeding is set in the context of the evolution of the crop and the need to widen its genetic base by introgression and base broadening, as well as identifying and exploiting resistance to viruses and potato cyst nematodes.
Morphological Characteristics of Solanum Tuberosum Varieties Cultivated in North-West Spain
The floral characteristics and the degree of flowering were important features to differentiate the varieties and also, plant habit, pigmentation in stem, calix and pedicel contributed to this differentiation.
Ecology and control of Dickeya spp. in potato
Research on the distribution of Dickeya ( and “D. solani”) and Pectobacterium species in seed potatoes revealed that the pathogens were distributed unevenly inside tubers and that the stolon end tuber part harbored the highest bacterial inoculum, whereas deeper located tissues were usually not colonized.


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Aunque Francisco Lopez de Gomara nunca fue a America, la historia de la conquista le fue contada por el propio Cortes y otros expedicionarios. Con estos testimonios escribio la Historia General de
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  • Proceedings of the Ethnobotanical Congress,
  • 1992
Editorial Porrua, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva Espana. 4th Edition
  • 1979
A Pleasant Description of the fortunate Ilandes called Ilands of Canaria
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Disertaciones sobre la papa
  • 1955