The earliest unequivocally modern humans in southern China

@article{Liu2015TheEU,
  title={The earliest unequivocally modern humans in southern China},
  author={Wu Liu and Mar{\'i}a Martin{\'o}n‐Torres and Yan-jun Cai and Song Xing and Hao-wen Tong and Shuwen Pei and Mark Jan Sier and Xiaohua Wu and Richard Lawrence Edwards and Hai Cheng and Yi-yuan Li and Xiongying Yang and Jos{\'e} Mar{\'i}a Berm{\'u}dez de Castro and Xiu-Jie Wu},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2015},
  volume={526},
  pages={696-699}
}
The hominin record from southern Asia for the early Late Pleistocene epoch is scarce. Well-dated and well-preserved fossils older than ∼45,000 years that can be unequivocally attributed to Homo sapiens are lacking. Here we present evidence from the newly excavated Fuyan Cave in Daoxian (southern China). This site has provided 47 human teeth dated to more than 80,000 years old, and with an inferred maximum age of 120,000 years. The morphological and metric assessment of this sample supports its… 

The earliest modern humans outside Africa

A maxilla and associated dentition recently discovered at Misliya Cave, Israel, was dated to 177,000 to 194,000 years ago, suggesting that members of the Homo sapiens clade left Africa earlier than previously thought.

Skeletal remains of a Pleistocene modern human (Homo sapiens) from Sulawesi

This fragmentary specimen, though largely undiagnostic with regards to morphological affinity, provides the only direct insight from the fossil record into the identity of the Late Pleistocene people of Sulawesi.

Hominin teeth from the Middle Pleistocene site of Yiyuan, Eastern China.

Late Pleistocene archaic human crania from Xuchang, China

Two fossil human skulls from Late Pleistocene sediments in central China reveal a mosaic pattern of morphological evolution that reflects Pleistsocene human evolutionary patterns in general biology, as well as both regional continuity and interregional population dynamics.

Mosaic dental morphology in a terminal Pleistocene hominin from Dushan Cave in southern China

This study reports a 15,000 years-old H. sapiens in South China with unusual mosaic features, such as large dental dimensions, cingulum-like structures at the dentine level in the posterior dentition and expression of a “crown buccal vertical groove complex”, all of which are uncommon in modern humans and more typically found in Middle Pleistocene archaic humans.

26Al/10Be Burial Dating of the Middle Pleistocene Yiyuan Hominin Fossil Site, Shandong Province, Northern China

The results presented here indicate that the time span from 600–400 ka (thousand years ago) is a critical period for human evolution in East Asia, and this time bracket includes several major climatic changes that would have influenced hominins, both morphologically and behaviorally.

Early Modern Humans from Tam Pà Ling, Laos

Despite the importance of its geographical position for early modern human migration through Australasia, the Indochinese Peninsula has produced relatively few fossils or well-documented
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 61 REFERENCES

Hominin teeth from the early Late Pleistocene site of Xujiayao, Northern China.

The study evinces the existence in China of a population of unclear taxonomic status with regard to other contemporary populations such as H. sapiens and H. neanderthalensis, and suggests the possibility that a primitive hominin lineage may have survived late into the Late Pleistocene in China.

Pleistocene Homo sapiens from Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Fossilized hominid crania from Herto, Middle Awash, Ethiopia are described and provide crucial evidence on the location, timing and contextual circumstances of the emergence of Homo sapiens.

Late Middle Pleistocene hominin teeth from Panxian Dadong, South China.

Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the first European modern humans

Manot 1 is the only modern human specimen to provide evidence that during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic interface, both modern humans and Neanderthal contemporaneously inhabited the southern Levant, close in time to the likely interbreeding event with Neanderthals.

Middle Pleistocene Hominin Teeth from Longtan Cave, Hexian, China

It is suggested that the primitive-derived gradients of the Asian hominins cannot be satisfactorily fitted along a chronological sequence, suggesting complex evolutionary scenarios with the coexistence and/or survival of different lineages in Eurasia.

Neandertal Demise: An Archaeological Analysis of the Modern Human Superiority Complex

A systematic review of the archaeological records of Neandertals and their modern human contemporaries finds no support for claims that modern humans are seen as superior in a wide range of domains, including weaponry and subsistence strategies, which would have led to the demise of Ne andertals.

The makers of the Protoaurignacian and implications for Neandertal extinction

Dental remains from two Protoaurignacian sites in Italy are analyzed and confirm that they were H. sapiens, and teeth from Riparo Bombrini and Grotta di Fumane contain ancient mitochondrial DNA of a modern human type, confirming that by 41,000 calendar years before the present, modern humans bearing ProtoaurIGNacian culture spread into southern Europe.

Taxonomic affinities and evolutionary history of the Early Pleistocene hominids of Java: dentognathic evidence.

The primitive aspects of the oldest Javanese hominids remains suggest that hominid groups prior to the grade of ca.

Human remains from Zhirendong, South China, and modern human emergence in East Asia

The age and morphology of the Zhiren Cave human remains support a modern human emergence scenario for East Asia involving dispersal with assimilation or populational continuity with gene flow and places the Late Pleistocene Asian emergence of modern humans in a pre-Upper Paleolithic context.

Dental evidence on the hominin dispersals during the Pleistocene

The results show important morphological differences between the hominins found in both continents during the Pleistocene, suggesting that their evolutionary courses were relatively independent.
...