The earliest known holometabolous insects

  title={The earliest known holometabolous insects},
  author={Andr{\'e} Nel and Patrick Roques and Patricia Nel and Alexandr A Prokin and Thierry Bourgoin and Jakub Prokop and Jacek Szwedo and Dany Azar and Laure DESUTTER-GRANDCOLAS and Torsten Wappler and Romain Garrouste and David Coty and Diying Huang and Michael S. Engel and Alexander G. Kirejtshuk},
The Eumetabola (Endopterygota (also known as Holometabola) plus Paraneoptera) have the highest number of species of any clade, and greatly contribute to animal species biodiversity. The palaeoecological circumstances that favoured their emergence and success remain an intriguing question. Recent molecular phylogenetic analyses have suggested a wide range of dates for the initial appearance of the Holometabola, from the Middle Devonian epoch (391 million years (Myr) ago) to the Late… 
Middle-Late Triassic insect radiation revealed by diverse fossils and isotopic ages from China
It is suggested that the diversification of aquatic insects (a key event of the “Mesozoic Lacustrine Revolution” had already begun by the Middle Triassic, providing new insights into the early evolution of freshwater ecosystems.
Mitochondrial phylogenomics of Hemiptera reveals adaptive innovations driving the diversification of true bugs
The phylogeny and evolutionary history of Hemiptera is elucidated and Ancestral character state reconstruction and divergence time estimation suggest that the success of true bugs (Heteroptera) is probably due to angiosperm coevolution, but key adaptive innovations facilitated multiple independent shifts among diverse feeding habits and multiple independent colonizations of aquatic habitats.
Some misconceptions or preconceived ideas on the history of the Insects
The last major change in the hexapods took place about 100 Ma ago, and may be linked with the mid-Cretaceous angiosperm diversification, but apparently not with the supposed major crisis of diversity at the end of the Cretaceous.
Phylogeny and historical biogeography of Gondwanan moss‐bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Coleorrhyncha: Peloridiidae)
  • Z. YeJ. Damgaard W. Bu
  • Biology
    Cladistics : the international journal of the Willi Hennig Society
  • 2019
A timescale analysis indicates that the Peloridiidae began to diversify in the land mass that is today's Patagonia in the late Jurassic, and that splitting into the three extant well‐supported biogeographical clades is consistent with the sequential breakup of southern Gondwana in theLate Cretaceous.
Redefining the extinct orders Miomoptera and Hypoperlida as stem acercarian insects
This contribution demonstrates that Hypoperlida and Miomoptera are stem groups of Acercaria, appearing as potential sister group of (Psocodea + (Permopsocida + (Thripida + Hemiptera))).
Palaeozoic palaeodictyopteran insect nymphs with prominent ovipositors from a new locality
group of animals in extant and past times (cf. Grimaldi & Engel 2005, but see e.g. Haug et al. 2016 for the logical incorrectness of this statement). With first appearances in the Devonian (ca. 400
New barklice (Psocodea, Trogiomorpha) from Lower Cretaceous Spanish amber
New psocid specimens from five amber‐bearing outcrops in Spain that are Albian in age are presented and a new species, Libanoglaris hespericus sp.
Fossil and phylogenetic analyses reveal recurrent periods of diversification and extinction in dictyopteran insects.
This study examines whether the cockroaches, mantises and termites (altogether included in Dictyoptera) have experienced episodic pulses of speciation or extinction and how these pulses may be associated with environmental fluctuations or mass extinctions.
Coleoptera in amber from Cretaceous resiniferous forests
  • D. Peris
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2020


A complete insect from the Late Devonian period
The first complete Late Devonian insect is reported, which was probably a terrestrial species and demonstrates further a first Devonian phase of diversification for the Hexapoda, as in vertebrates, and suggests that the Pterygota diversified before and during Romer’s gap.
Evidence for an Earliest Late Carboniferous Divergence Time and the Early Larval Ecology and Diversification of Major Holometabola Lineages
The divergence date between the Holometabola and its sister clade has been set earlier than previously thought on the basis of fossils or molecular phylogenetic evidence, and this new date provides a minimal calibration date pegged to the Early Carboniferous–Late carboniferous boundary, and approximates an absolute date of 318 million years.
The earliest holometabolous insect from the Carboniferous: a “crucial” innovation with delayed success (Insecta Protomeropina Protomeropidae)
Abstract Insects dominate Earth by their diversity, and the most are Holometabola. Therefore, the holometabolous development characterised by a pupal stage between larvae and adult seems to be linked
A Preliminary Molecular Phylogeny of Planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) Based on Nuclear and Mitochondrial DNA Sequences
This work expands upon recent phylogenetic work using additional nuclear (18S and 28S) and novel mitochondrial (16S and cytb) markers and yielded robust phylogenetic trees containing Cixiidae and Delphacidae as the sister group to the remaining taxa.
Phylogenomic insights into the cambrian explosion, the colonization of land and the evolution of flight in arthropoda.
The results provide insights into the 3 independent colonizations of land by arthropods and suggest that evolution of insect wings happened much earlier than the fossil record indicates, with flight evolving during a period of increasing oxygen levels and impressively large forests.
Evolution of the elytral venation and structural adaptations in the oldest Palaeozoic beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera: Tshekardocoleidae)
The oldest definitive beetle, Coleopsis archaica gen. et sp. nov., is described from the earliest Permian (Asselian or early Sakmarian) of Germany (Grügelborn/Saarland). Its elytral venation is
The entomofauna of the Lower Permian fossil insect beds of Kansas and Oklahoma, USA
When reviewing the holotype/neotype specimens used to describe the Wellington Formation species, it is found that 62% consist of fore wings, while 9% are complete specimens, indicating the importance of continued collecting and review of Wellington Formation insect fossils.
Diversification of land plants: insights from a family-level phylogenetic analysis
This broad-scale phylogenetic analysis helps to reveal the successive waves of diversification that made up the diversity of land plants the authors see today.
Dating the arthropod tree based on large-scale transcriptome data.
From Carboniferous to Recent: wing venation enlightens evolution of thysanopteran lineage
It is confirmed that the Thysanoptera belong to the superorder Thripida but it is shown that ‘Lophioneuridae’ are paraphyletic, and a new character of the wing is described in some Recent species which allows them to be integrated in phylogenetic studies.