The earliest evidence for anatomically modern humans in northwestern Europe

  title={The earliest evidence for anatomically modern humans in northwestern Europe},
  author={Thomas F.G. Higham and Tim Compton and Chris B Stringer and Roger M. Jacobi and Beth Shapiro and Erik Trinkaus and Barry Chandler and Flora Gr{\"o}ning and Chris Collins and Simon Hillson and Paul O’Higgins and Charles Fitzgerald and Michael J. Fagan},
The earliest anatomically modern humans in Europe are thought to have appeared around 43,000–42,000 calendar years before present (43–42 kyr cal bp), by association with Aurignacian sites and lithic assemblages assumed to have been made by modern humans rather than by Neanderthals. However, the actual physical evidence for modern humans is extremely rare, and direct dates reach no farther back than about 41–39 kyr cal bp, leaving a gap. Here we show, using stratigraphic, chronological and… 
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  • 2015
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