The dynamics and tuning of orchestral crotales.


An experimental and theoretical investigation of the acoustic and vibrational properties of orchestral crotales within the range C6 to C8 is reported. Interferograms of the acoustically important modes of vibration are presented and the frequencies are reported. It is shown that the acoustic spectra of crotales are not predicted by assuming that they are either thin circular plates or annular plates clamped at the center, despite the physical resemblance to these objects. Results from finite element analysis are presented that demonstrate how changing the size of the central mass affects the tuning of the instruments, and it is concluded that crotales are not currently designed to ensure optimal tuning. The possibility of using annular plates as crotales is also investigated and the physical parameters for such a set of instruments are presented.

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@article{Deutsch2004TheDA, title={The dynamics and tuning of orchestral crotales.}, author={Bradley M. Deutsch and Cherie L. Ramirez and Thomas Moore}, journal={The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America}, year={2004}, volume={116 4 Pt 1}, pages={2427-33} }